AOH :: GRAV7.TXT The second law of universal gravitation - by Craig Gunnufson (Good
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October 6, 1991

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BSRF - July/August 1982
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Discovery of the Second Law of Gravitation

by Craig Gunnufson

Almost everyone has  heard  the  story  in which an  apple  fell  on
Newton's head and  this led to the discovery of the Universal Law of
Gravitation, which is:

"Any two bodies attract each other with a force proportional
to the product of their masses  and  inversely proportional to
the square  of  the  distance  between  them  (F-GMm/r'2  (for
'2=squared))"

I belive I  have  made  a  very fundamental discovery which could be
called the Second Universal Law of Gravitation.  It came about as an
outgrowth of my  Ether  Displacement  Theory.   The  Second  Law  of
Gravitation states :

"Matter absorbs and re-radiates energy from the medium (ether)
which is responsible for the phenomenon known as gravitation.
The rate  of  energy  being  radiated is proportional  to  the
square of the mass."

Page 1

dE/dt = kM'2 = power,

k = 7.2 X 10'-34 (to the -34th) erg/gm'2 sec

Therefore, an intrinsic property of matter is that it absorbs energy
from the ether.

The rate of acceleration of a falling object, which acquires kinetic
energy is a measure of energy flow via conduction through the ether.

For example, under Newton's law of gravitation, if one of the masses
in question is doubled, it would follow that force and therefore the
rate of acceleration would double.

Since the kinetic  energy is proportional to the second power of the
velocity, we would also expect the  energy flow via conduction to be
proportional to the second power of the mass times the constant.

The solar energy  output  is  not less than 3.89  X  10'33  (to  the
33rd)erg/sec.  If we assume that fusion and gravitational mechanisms
are the only  methods  of  energy  production,  then  the ether must
supply 2.8 X 10'33 erg/sec since the  neutrino  measurements account
for only 27% of the Sun's energy.

From laboratory work it is known that nuclear fusion  reactions give
off neutrinos.  It has been generally accepted that the Sun's energy
is the result  of  fusion  but,  over  the  last 10 years, counts of
neutrinos emitted by the sun have been less than expected.

In "SCIENCE", January 1976, J.N.  Bahcall and R. Davis, Jr. reported
finding only 1.5 Solar Neutrino Units  (SNU).   Under  the  standard
solar model, 5.5 SNU were expected.  If these figures  are  correct,
then only 27% of the Sun's energy may be produced by fusion.

The "K" was  calculated  to  be  7.2  X  10'-34 erg/gm'2 sec.  It is
recognized that this value of "K"  is a first approximation since it
is likely that celestial bodies contain other energy  processes  and
the neutrinos measured  may  be general background levels.  Based on
this value the predicted minimum  energy  output  of other celestial
bodies were then calculated :

Celestial Body            Mass (M) gms        Predicted Output
Earth                  5.97 X 10'27           2.60 X 10'22
Jupiter                1.88 X 10'30           2.50 X 10'27
Saturn                 5.60 X 10'29           2.30 X 10'26
Neptune                1.00 X 10'29           7.20 X 10'24
Uranus                 8.60 X 10'28           5.30 X 10'24
Alpha Centauri "A"     2.15 X 10'33           3.33 X 10'33
Alpha Centauri "B"     1.75 X 10'33           2.20 X 10'33
Alpha Centauri "C"     2.39 X 10'32           4.10 X 10'31
(where ' preceding a number indicates to the tenth power)

There is much  disagreement among geophysicists as  to  the  Earth's
total rate of   energy   dissipation.   Values  of  heat  quantities
measured are on the order of magnitude  of  10'20  erg/sec (Sclater,
"Review Geophys. Space Physics", Vol. 18. p. 269-300).

However, Williams and Von Herzen pointed out in 1974  that much more
heat could be lost due to hydrothermal circulation of sea water.

Page 2

Some estimates place  this  heat  loss  at  100  times  greater than
continental heat loss.  Therefore,  at  the  present time, the total
energy released by the earth is highly speculative.   My calculation
of 2.6 X 10'22 erg/sec is within the range of possibilities.

From the data  received  by  the  probes sent to Jupiter there is an
outer layer of atmosphere that is  quite cold, but under this colder
layer is a   much   hotter   layer,  around  440  degrees   Celsius.
(Encyclopedia Americana, Vol. 16, p. 254, 1979).

Because the outer  layer  acts  as  insulation, we would expect only
some portion of the energy radiated by the inner layer to escape the
planet.  Using the Stefan-Boltzmann  law it is possible to calculate
the upper limit of the rate of energy lost through radiation.

E = kT'4 = (5.7 X 10'-5) (713 degrees K)'4 = 1.47 X 10'7 erg/cm'2sec

Esubt = E(area) = (1.47 X 10'7) (6.48 X 10'20) = 9.5 X 10'27 erg/sec

Since some portion  of  this  amount is able to escape  through  the
outer layer, then  my  figure  of  2.5  X  10'27  erg/sec  is within
probable range.

Newton himself recognized that bodies  were attracted to each other,
but the actual  mechanism remained a mystery to him.   In  the  19th
Century, Lesage theorized that a medium of hyperfine particles could
account for the inverse square law discovered by Newton.

Lesage's theory also showed that
GRAVITY IS A PUSH, NOT A PULL OR ATTRACTION.

Since then, there  have  been  others  who have come up with similar
theories independently.

(Walter Wright of Fairfield, California is the leading
exponent of the Push Gravity theory as first noted by his
then 6 year old son, Walter  has  since  fleshed  the idea out
into a  complete  and  logical  system  which  we  of  Vangard
Sciences/KeelyNet fully support.....Jerry Decker/Ron Barker)

However, Lesagian theory  has  had its critics.  In recent times two
of the most notable are Richard  Feynman  and  Willy  Ley.   In  his
essay, "The Case  for  a  Lesagian  Theory  of  Gravitation",   that
appeared in the  Association  for  Pushing  Gravity  Research,  1979
by these critics.

One of them is : "The friction generated  by  the  impacts  of these
ultra-mundane particles upon masses  such  as  the
earth would,  of  necessity, make the earth white-
hot within a short period of time."

In this statement  the  critics  are  right  QUALITATIVELY  but  not
QUANTITATIVELY.  My calculations show that the earth  DOES  NOT HAVE
SUFFICIENT MASS to become white hot, BUT THE SUN DOES.

It can be  seen  that  with  this  new  law  of  gravitation  we can
calculate the rate of energy radiation  of  celestial bodies.  These
rates confirm the idea that space, or the ether, has usable energy.

Page 3

There is much research presently going on for the purpose of tapping
this energy.  This  confirmation  further legitimizes this important
research.

Mr.  Gunnufson welcomes comment.
Murrieta, California 92362 USA

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Vangard Sciences/KeelyNet

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