Planners hang hopes on Barksdale's cyber future

Planners hang hopes on Barksdale's cyber future
Planners hang hopes on Barksdale's cyber future

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By John Andrew Prime
June 10, 2007

Woodlands just east of Bossier Parish Community College are a field of 
dreams for Bossier Parish and city planners.

The former Alden Plantation is where they hope to build a 58-acre cyber 
innovation center to complement Air Force Cyber Command, just formed at 
Barksdale Air Force Base. Using up to $50 million from Bossier City and 
Bossier Parish and $50 million from Louisiana, the center would be an 
enticement to the Air Force to locate a potential new major command 
headed by a four-star general here.

Planners also estimate as many as 10,000 civilian contractor jobs, 
ranging from programmers and engineers to manufacturers and training, 
could also result, directly and indirectly.

"It's just too important not to go after it full bore, with nothing but 
achieving the goal in sight," said former Bossier City Mayor Don Jones, 
now a force in Barksdale Forward and the 8th Air Force Consultation 
Committee. "Nothing else is acceptable. This is too big a deal to miss. 
We need to get this."

The Air Force is expected to announce the permanent site of the new 
major command later this year.

The city and parish have a buy-sell agreement on the 58 acres, at a cost 
of just less than $4.3 million, as the site for the innovation center, 
Bossier City attorney Jimmy Hall said.

Boosters base the 10,000-job number on community industrial development 
after new high-tech missions began at Vandenberg Air Force Base in 
southern California and at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Ala. The 
jobs, studies show, pay well, too,

But even if the jobs reach a fraction of that number, getting that cyber 
mission here will mean success, Hall said.

"It will provide that new mission for Barksdale, a mission that will not 
go away. That is priceless."

Prevent network attacks, more

Much of the work that will be done by Air Force Cyber Command and the 
potential new major command is described in broad brush strokes that 
preserve secrecy; it is a battleground still being defined.

The task will be to prevent attacks on the electronic and cyber networks 
that control and link military, industrial and other operations, and to 
plan for offensive operations on the same turf. It is now under the 
command of 8th Air Force head Lt. Gen. Robert J. Elder Jr.

He enthusiastically endorses the local efforts on the innovation center. 
"The civilian community asked how they could help. We suggested that we 
needed an innovation center that made it easy for us to collaborate with 
academia, research institutions, and industry.

"The community took it from there =E2=80=94 the innovation incubator was their 
idea. The Cyberspace Innovation Center is a community initiative."

Sensitive operations and command functions will remain on base, but some 
personnel from the military commands could work out of the innovation 
center, Elder said. "We intend to become a partner in the venture."

Vision for innovation center

The local $50 million for the civilian center =E2=80=94 two-thirds from Bossier 
City and one-third from Bossier Parish =E2=80=94 would come from bonds that will 
be paid using current revenue streams, Hall said.

The state has been asked to match that with $50 million, available from 
the $400 million that had been reserved in a failed bid to lure a German 
steel mill to Louisiana.

Parish Administrator Bill Altimus and Bossier City Mayor Lo Walker spoke 
with Gov. Kathleen Blanco last week while in Baton Rouge to lobby for 
Interstate 49 and asked her to commit on the state's $50 million stake.

"She said she's going to do all she can to assist in this project," 
Altimus said.

The 58 acres come from the old Alden Plantation, part of which was used 
for the new Bossier Parish Community College campus. According to the 
buy-sell agreement, the landowners are JPIL Partnership, Belmore 
Bridgford, the Nipissing Trust, John Hendrick III, Bobbie Cates Hicks, 
the Hicks Marital Trust, Katherine Sale, the ERH Limited Partnership, 
N.H. Wheless Jr. and N.H. Wheless as trustee for the Elise Wheless Hook 

Early plans envision several phases, with an inner core of buildings 
with enhanced security, lease properties, a "dish garden" (the name 
given to areas where satellite dishes are clustered) and conference and 
visitor centers.

Altimus said more land east toward Interstate 220, some owned by those 
individuals and some by Louisiana Downs, also could be acquired for 

Pledging money like that at the start jumps a hurdle that often hurts a 
community seeking such facilities, Jones said.

"The commitment by Bossier City and Bossier Parish to get out front and 
make a substantial investment in the future of Barksdale moved this 
along rather quickly. And it has raised the bar for other cities, 
competitors, to try to top."

These competitors include Belleville, Ill., Omaha, Neb., San Antonio and 
Langley, Va., Jones said.

That makes this a horse race, with $100 million at stake.

"Until the secretary of the Air Force announces it, nothing's a done 
deal," Jones said.

Center's economic impact

Altimus and Walker say the innovation center development would increase 
the tax base and cause a mushrooming of schools and local services.

And it would impact transportation, with Louisiana agreeing to create an 
I-20/Interstate 220 spur onto Barksdale that could affect several 
aspects of the base's mission.

All this buttresses their estimate of 10,000 jobs =E2=80=94 possibly more =E2=80=94 that 
could be here in the next few years.

At Vandenberg, a 2006 study says, space-oriented military activity 
resulted in 8,300 jobs, with a direct impact of $555.4 million.

"The strong income impact is due largely to the high salaries associated 
with the aerospace industry and the demand for technical consulting 
services made by the base and its contractors," says the study, which 
looked at 2004 numbers and was the work of the University of California 
at Santa Barbara.

Studies Altimus and others consulted show these jobs with annual 
salaries at $70,000 and upward.

Altimus said such growth also has happened in Colorado Springs, Colo., 
after Air Space Command opened there in the early 1980s.

And he cited Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Ala., which witnessed 
the creation of thousands of well-paying space program jobs when it was 
created in the 1960s. The 3,843-acre park now employs 25,000 workers in 
nearly 300 tenant companies.

"We think the same parallel would occur here," Altimus said. "Honestly, 
we think the real potential is more than what has been stated so far."

Analyst: Count your pennies

Washington defense analyst John Pike, founder of GlobalSecurity.Org, 
suggests caution since not all military information warfare initiatives 
have blossomed on the civilian side.

"They need to count their pennies," he said. "They need to understand 
very clearly what's it going to cost and what's it going to get?

"It's not going to be the Manhattan Project," he said, referring to the 
effort to develop and build the first atomic bombs.

"That was $25 billion over four years."

And Pike said not all high-tech government enterprises spawn economic 
growth. He cited Fort Meade, Md., home of the National Security Agency, 
whose work to a large degree parallels that planned for the cyber 
commands here. "There's a surprising absence of an off-site contractor 
presence outside Fort Meade. It's not there."

He also said what the Air Force is planning here runs against the grain 
for that branch.

"Every time the Air Force has started thinking about itself as being an 
information operations service, as opposed to a 'hot steel on target' 
service, after a little while, they get down that road and they say 'You 
know, information operations just really doesn't have that much in 
common with air power.' It has a different set of tools, a different set 
of principles, a different set of skills."

It doesn't involve flying or destroying targets. And in the Air Force, 
those are almost requirements for advancing to higher command, Meade 
said. So it might also be seen as a dead-end career field, he noted.

"So very different"

In fact, Meade concluded, "Information operations is so very different 
from air power, there's no particular reason you have to be in the Air 
Force to do it."

Elder said Pike "is factually correct. However, Cyber Command reflects a 
major shift in Air Force thinking back to its roots, emphasizing 
operational effects and strategic thought (versus) simply tactical 
approaches to war fighting.

"(The) Air Force intends to integrate air, space and cyberspace rather 
than present these capabilities independently," Elder said. "That is 
what makes our approach different from the other services.

"And the Cyber Command is not only network ops =E2=80=94 it is also electronic 
attack, a form of electronic warfare. ... So it does involve aircraft 
and aircraft-delivered effects."

Recent pronouncements from Air Force leaders further emphasize the 
importance of the cyber realm and promise growth in its career fields, 
signaling change as well.

"The Air Force is a business and, like any other business, is being 
asked to do more with less," Altimus said.

"Funding and personnel, I am sure, are constant concerns. There is value 
in streamlining. And having various functions in one location can create 

Walker, a retired Air Force colonel and combat-decorated pilot, said the 
importance of what could happen at Barksdale transcends its impact on 
the economy. "By far and away, the most important thing is the defense 
of the nation.

"What's least understood by the average citizen out there is that this 
affects them," he said. "They are in this war because they will be 
directly impacted negatively by an enemy's use of this electromagnetic 
spectrum to do harm to the United States."

=C2=A9 The Times 2007

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