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Cyber-warfare between Sunnis and Shiites: new take on an old game




Cyber-warfare between Sunnis and Shiites: new take on an old game
Cyber-warfare between Sunnis and Shiites: new take on an old game



http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=1&article_id=96670&categ_id=17 

By The Daily Star
October 11, 2008

Editorial

Saudi-owned Al-Arabiya television seems to have been the target in a 
Shiite riposte for damage recently inflicted by Sunni hackers on 
hundreds of sites connected to the Iranian government and Iraq's most 
senior Shiite cleric. Attacks and counter-attacks of this sort are not a 
surprise anymore, but they remain a disappointment. Just as then-new 
mediums like radio and satellite television prompted "wars" in which 
supporters of one movement or another sought - by means both fair and 
foul - to counter the arguments and limit the influence of their rivals, 
so does the Internet now constitute a new venue for "ideological" 
battles that fly in the face of what the open interchange of ideas is 
supposed to be all about.

What is different this time is the relative ease with which able hackers 
can and do conceal their identities, which makes it very difficult to 
control the practice. Those who understand the technology and the 
architecture of the Internet have little trouble avoiding detection - 
and can even cause their work to look like someone else's with a few key 
strokes. Participants in cyber-warfare are not hindered by borders, 
either, so expect the contest to continue - and even to intensify.

To be sure, the phenomenon is troubling, especially if one happens to be 
on the receiving end of a cyber-attack, as happened to this newspaper a 
few years ago when Israeli hackers attempted to silence our Web site. 
Around the same time a similar assault was launched against Hizbullah's 
site, but the subsequent taking down of the Israeli Foreign Ministry's 
seemed to deter further adventures.

This last example gives cause to believe that the phenomenon might not 
be a wholly negative one. It is surely a waste of talent to have such 
capable people spending their time and effort on destroying and 
restricting things - especially ideas - instead of building and 
distributing them. It is also a shame when a medium with so much 
potential to let people from opposite sides of the world (or of a 
political dispute) engage with one another is, instead, used for mutual 
sabotage. As the current Sunni-Shiite contest reminds us, however, there 
is no shortage of either ability or enthusiasm out there among the 
(presumably youthful) hackers. As in so many other spheres of what 
passes for the modern Middle East, what is missing is a way to channel 
these talents into more productive endeavors.

The cyber-war, then, is little more than another facet of a malaise that 
has gripped the region for decades. Absent competent and legitimate 
governance, our youth are drawn to myriad activities that serve as 
temporary placebos for the satisfaction they might derive from 
educational and/or career pursuits available to their peers in more 
fortunate parts of the world. From the point view of ruling political 
elites, this is a good thing because it helps ensure that young people 
develop neither an awareness of who their real enemies (both foreign and 
domestic) are, nor a habit of organized and sustained action to better 
their societies by demanding - or even providing - better leadership. 
For everyone else, it is just the latest headache or the latest way to 
relieve the boredom of unemployment.


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