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Oracle Database Susceptible To Rare Attack




Oracle Database Susceptible To Rare Attack
Oracle Database Susceptible To Rare Attack



http://www.informationweek.com/news/software/database_apps/showArticle.jhtml?articleID 7402692 

By Charles Babcock
InformationWeek
April 29, 2008

A SQL injection attack that may be executed against the Oracle (NSDQ: 
ORCL) database was recently documented by database security researcher 
David Litchfield.

The attack requires that the attacker to have been granted a database 
account, making it more likely that this kind of attack will occur in 
the research lab than "in the normal sense," Litchfield said of his 
finding.

But Oracle's manager for security in its Global Technology Unit, Erich 
Maurice, Monday said in a blog post that Litchfield's exploit 
demonstrates how "a lateral SQL injection" attack can be placed by an 
outsider in a database application using Oracle's extended PL/SQL query 
language, and developers of database applications should be aware of the 
potential for such attacks.

SQL injection occurs when an intruder is able to put a SQL statement 
into a user input form where the application expects a name, address, 
date, or some other standard information. SQL injection succeeds when 
there's no validation of the entry. That is, there's no automatic check 
that the entry follows an expected format or meets length and 
alphanumeric character limits. Such validation would be able to detect a 
SQL statement in place of a date and halt execution of the program.

Lateral injection is indirect injection -- putting the PL/SQL statement 
someplace where the application will find it when it's looking for 
something else, then successfully directing the application to that 
statement.

Litchfield is a researcher with the United Kingdom's Next Generation 
Security Software. On April 25, he published a paper showing how an 
exploit could be injected via "a little bit of trickery" instead of 
directly through an intentional, fraudulent user entry. It requires a 
PL/SQL procedure that looks for a date variable by calling a system 
function.

Litchfield demonstrated the effect of leaving out a quote mark that 
would normally terminate a PL/SQL command. As the system looked for the 
right way to terminate the quotes marks, it called a previously named 
system function that had a PL/SQL command buried in it. It then injected 
that function as the correct replacement for the unterminated command 
and the malicious code had found its execution path.

"While some may consider the topic of Lateral SQL Injections as mostly 
academic, I think this paper has the merit of further raising the 
awareness of database administrators and programmers to SQL Injections," 
he wrote in a blog post on Monday.

To minimize the risk of a SQL injection attack, advised Maurice, reduce 
the user inputs to only those absolutely essential. Doing so "reduces 
the attack surface" of the application, he noted. Following good coding 
procedure by binding a variable to the data type and database section 
that is supposed to define it is another preventative measure, he said.


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