By Manuel Cereijo
During the last few weeks there have been thousands of cyber attacks on
computers and computer networks in the U.S. government and private
entities. The United States, because of its dependence on computers, is
very vulnerable to such attacks.
A cyber attack on the United States could crush our country and the
world economy, which depends on the United States as the world's leading
economy. If they take us down, they cripple everybody. The U.S.
government has not publicly identified where the cyber attacks are
coming from, but Cuba has such potential.
A partially declassified CIA document released several years ago notes
that Cuba started in 1991 to study how to interfere with computer
networks. This project had a modest budget of $50,000. The Soviet Union
maintained in Cuba the Lourdes electronic espionage base, to which Cuba
did not have direct access. That base was dismantled in 2002, but there
Upping the investment
In 1994, Cuba and Russia agreed to build a similar base in Bejucal,
south of Havana. It became operational in December 1997 at a cost of
$750 million. The Bejucal base shows the importance Cuba puts on
cybernetics -- having gone from a $50,000 budget to $750 million in only
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