AOH :: PT-1206.HTM

China's Communist Party as surveillance entrepreneurs: registering, monitoring bloggers

China's Communist Party as surveillance entrepreneurs: registering, monitoring bloggers
China's Communist Party as surveillance entrepreneurs: registering, monitoring bloggers





-------- Original Message --------
Subject: 	CHINA : Authorities declare war on unregistered websites and
blogs (+FR)
Date: 	Mon, 6 Jun 2005 18:21:49 +0200
From: 	RSF.Internet  



The Internet under surveillance
6 June 2005

CHINA

*Authorities declare war on unregistered websites and blogs*
*
*Reporters Without Borders voiced alarm today at the Chinese
government's announced intention to close down all China-based websites
and blogs that are not officially registered. The plan is all the more
worrying as the government has also revealed that it has a new system
for monitoring sites in real time and spotting those that fail to comply.

"The Chinese authorities use this type of announcement above all to
intimidate website operators and bloggers," the press freedom
organisation said. "The authorities also hope to push the most outspoken
online sites to migrate abroad where they will become inaccessible to
those inside China because of the Chinese filtering systems."

Reporters Without Borders added: "Those who continue to publish under
their real names on sites hosted in China will either have to avoid
political subjects or just relay the Communist Party's propaganda. This
decision will enable those in power to control online news and
information much more effectively."

The new initiative was announced in a decree issued by the ministry for
the information industry (MII) on 20 March, which said all China-based
websites - commercial or otherwise - would have to register by 30 June,
giving the complete identity of the persons responsible for the sites.
According to the authorities, the aim is to control information that
"endanger the country."

According to official figures, about 75 per cent of Chinese sites have
already complied with the new procedure. The Russian news agency/
Interfax/ reported that the ministry subsequently announced that a new
system called "Night Crawler" (Pa Chong, in Chinese) that allows the
authorities to locate and block unregistered sites would get under away
at the start of June.

At the request of the authorities, the Telecom operators that host the
biggest Chinese news portals informed their users that this procedure is
obligatory. In May, many bloggers received e-mail messages telling them
to register to avoid their blogs being declared illegal.

A China-based blogger told Reporters Without Borders on condition of
anonymity that the Shanghai police recently rendered his website
inaccessible because it had not been registered. He then phoned the MII
to ask what he had to do in order to register, and was told that in his
case it was "not worth bothering" because "there was no chance of an
independent blog getting permission to publish."
--------------------------------------------

*CHINE

La chasse aux sites  et aux blogs non d=E9clar=E9s a commenc=E9

*Reporters sans fronti=E8res s'inqui=E8te de la volont=E9 affich=E9e par les
autorit=E9s chinoises de fermer tous les sites et weblogs bas=E9s en Chine
qui ne se seraient pas inscrits sur les registres officiels. Cette
d=E9cision est d'autant plus pr=E9occupante que P=E9kin a par ailleurs annonc=E9
qu'il disposait d'un nouveau syst=E8me pour surveiller en temps r=E9el les
sites enregistr=E9s et rep=E9rer ceux qui refusent de se plier =E0 cette
proc=E9dure.

"Par ce type d'annonce, les autorit=E9s chinoises cherchent avant tout =E0
intimider les responsables de site et les webloggers. Les autorit=E9s
souhaitent =E9galement pousser les publications les plus libres de ton =E0
migrer vers l'=E9tranger, o=F9 elles seront rendues inaccessibles par les
syst=E8mes de filtrages. Quant =E0 ceux qui continueront de publier, sous
leur vrai nom, sur des sites h=E9berg=E9s en Chine, ils n'auront d'autre
alternative que d'=E9viter les sujets politiques, ou de relayer la
propagande du parti unique. Cette d=E9cision devrait permettre au pouvoir
de contr=F4ler de mani=E8re encore plus efficace l'information en ligne", a
d=E9plor=E9 l'organisation.

Le minist=E8re de l'Industrie de l'Information (MII) a publi=E9, le 20 mars,
un d=E9cret imposant =E0 tous les sites Webs h=E9berg=E9s en Chine, commerciaux
ou non, de s'inscrire sur ses registres avant le 30 juin prochain, en
indiquant l'identit=E9 compl=E8te des responsables de publication.
Officiellement, cette mesure a pour objectif de contr=F4ler les
informations qui "mettent en danger le pays". Selon des chiffres
officiels, pr=E8s de 75 % des sites chinois se seraient d=E9j=E0 pli=E9s =E0 cette
proc=E9dure. D'apr=E8s l'agence de presse russe/ Interfax/, le minist=E8re
aurait ensuite annonc=E9, d=E9but juin, le lancement d'un nouveau syst=E8me,
appel=E9 "Night crawler" (pa chong en chinois), permettant de localiser et
de bloquer l'acc=E8s aux sites ne s'=E9tant pas enregistr=E9s.

Les op=E9rateurs de t=E9l=E9coms, les h=E9bergeurs et les grands portails
d'information chinois ont =E9t=E9 mis =E0 contribution par les autorit=E9s pour
rappeler =E0 leurs utilisateurs que cette proc=E9dure =E9tait obligatoire. En
mai, de nombreux webloggers ont ainsi re=E7u un e-mail leur intimant de
s'enregistrer, faute de quoi leur blog serait d=E9clar=E9 ill=E9gal. Un
blogger bas=E9 en Chine a expliqu=E9 =E0 Reporters sans fronti=E8res, sous le
couvert de l'anonymat, que son site avait r=E9cemment =E9t=E9 rendu
inaccessible par la police de Shanghai pour d=E9faut d'enregistrement.
Lorsqu'il a t=E9l=E9phon=E9 au MII pour s'informer sur la marche =E0 suivre pour
r=E9gulariser sa situation, on lui a r=E9pondu que, dans son cas, il n'=E9tait
de toute fa=E7on "pas la peine" de s'enregistrer, car "un blog ind=E9pendant
n'avait aucune chance d'obtenir l'autorisation de publier".

-- 

Julien Pain
Bureau Internet et libert=E9s / Internet Freedom desk
___________________________________________

Reporters sans fronti=E8res / Reporters Without Borders
TEL: ++ 33 (0) 1 44 83 84 71
FAX: ++ 33 (0) 1 45 23 11 51
internet@rsf.org 
www.internet.rsf.org 
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