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TUCoPS :: Wetware Hacking :: Others :: hypnofaq.txt

alt.hypnosis FAQ 97/05/01

Newsgroups: alt.hypnosis
Subject: FAQ 1 of 6 (5/97 version)
From: (Roy Hunter)
Date: Thu, 1 May 1997 10:12:12 UNDEFINED

Welcome to the alt.hypnosis newsgroup! This latest version of the FAQ
was revised May 1, 1997.

This posting contains my answers to some of the most Frequently Asked
Questions concerning hypnosis (hence the title, "FAQ"). Note that the
"alt.hypnosis" group opinions on advertising will appear at the end of
the FAQ, followed by the new GLOSSARY of common hypnosis terms and
abbreviations, and the valuable RESOURCE GUIDE prepared by Paul Bunnell.

Many readers have praised earlier FAQ versions (revised occasionally), 
so here is the first of six files for the 5/97 version. The FAQ has been
growing and evolving since its original posting; and new questions are
occasionally added as needed or in response to repeated requests.

Before reading my answers to some commonly asked questions, you may wish 
to read the personal information which I've provided about myself.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * CONTENTS * * * * * * * * * * * * *



        Questions 1-4 are in "FAQ 1 of 6"
        Questions 5-10 are in "FAQ 2 of 6"
        Questions 11-15 are in "FAQ 3 of 6"
        Questions 16-21 & Ad comments are in "FAQ 4 of 6"

        Resource Guide is in "FAQ 5 of 6" and "FAQ 6 of 6"

        1. What IS hypnosis?             
        2. Does a hypnotized person give up control?             
        3. How does hypnosis feel?
        4. How do we induce hypnosis?  (Questions 1-4 are in "FAQ 1 of 6")           
        5. How may I learn self-hypnosis?             
        6. What is the difference between hypnosis and hypnotherapy? 
        7. What books and/or other sources can you recommend?      
        8. How can I choose a competent hypnosis instructor?             
        9. Which courses or instructors come highly recommended?
        10. If I have a natural gift, why should I seek training? 
        11. What makes hypnotherapy different than cognitive therapy? 
        12. How can hypnosis be used to quit smoking or manage weight? 
        13. Can hypnosis be used to reduce pain and/or suffering from illness? 
        14. Is hypnosis dangerous?
        15. Can you hypnotize someone without their knowledge?
        16. Who is the leading authority on hypnosis?
        17. What about stage hypnosis?
        18. What about legislation to regulate hypnotherapy? 
        19. Is hypnotherapy covered by insurance?
        20. Are people doing hypnotherapy and calling it something else?
        21. What about so-called Past Life Therapy?


GLOSSARY (of common hypnosis terms & abbreviations)

RESOURCE GUIDE (Prepared by Paul Bunnell): 
Books, book sources, computer sources

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

BACKGROUND OF AUTHOR: My name is Roy Hunter, and I have been teaching 
a nine-month professional hypnotherapy course in a college since 1987. 
It was originally based on the teachings of my teacher and mentor, the
late Charles Tebbetts, who believed that all hypnosis is really guided
self-hypnosis. I concur with this, and also believe in a self-empowerment
approach. Additionally, my late mentor felt that most texts were too dry
because of authors trying to write in an academic style; so I'll write my
answers in these FAQ's with the same simple language and first-person
style that my books are written.

Please understand that my responses to the questions are based on MY
OWN EXPERIENCE rather than on scientific research (14 years full-time
hypnotherapy and 9+ years teaching); but many successful sessions 
over a period of years validate my opinions as workable. Others may 
have DIFFERING OPINIONS to the same questions presented here, which 
might also be valid from their viewpoints (there is MORE THAN ONE 
WAY to effectively help a client!). I consider myself an artist rather 
than a scientist, and I teach hypnotherapy as an art.

My national honors in the profession include: 1990 Voice of the Year 
(International Hypnosis Hall of Fame), 1991 Outstanding Service Award 
(National Guild of Hypnotists), 1993 Dedication Award (Hypnosis Hall 
of Fame), and 1995 Outstanding Service Award (International Hypnosis 
Hall of Fame). Additionally, I'm the published author of three books: 
SELF-HYPNOSIS FOR EMPOWERMENT (revised from the 1987 version published 
as "Success Through Mind Power" by Westwood Publishing), THE ART OF 
HYPNOSIS (1994, NGH; 2nd version Kendall/Hunt Publishing), and THE
ART OF HYPNOTHERAPY (1995, Kendall/Hunt Publishing). The revised
version of my first book, SELF-HYPNOSIS FOR EMPOWERMENT, is currently 
available directly from me and only in electronic format.

Now that you know a little more about who I am, perhaps you will enjoy 
reading my responses in this FAQ (1 of 6)...

* * * * * * * * * * QUESTIONS (and responses) * * * * * * * * * *

1. What IS hypnosis?

Opinions vary on the exact definition of this natural state of mind. 
First of all, contrary to what is commonly believed by many, hypnosis 
is NOT a "sleep" state even though a person in hypnosis may appear 
to be sleeping. Some people assume that a hypnotized person is asleep,
especially because one who goes into a very deep trance can sometimes
have partial amnesia. I prefer the way my late mentor, Charles Tebbetts,
defined hypnosis, so let me quote his exact words as written in MIRACLES 
ON DEMAND (which is currently out of print): "There is no legal definition 
of hypnosis. Webster's dictionary describes it incorrectly as an artificially 
induced sleep, but it is actually a natural state of mind and induced 
normally in everyday living much more often than it is induced artificially. 
Every time we become engrossed in a novel or a motion picture, we 
are in a natural hypnotic trance (p. 211-212)."

I totally agree with the theory Charles Tebbetts taught: ALL HYPNOSIS
HYPNOTIZED. So, in reality, the hypnotherapist is more like a guide 
who facilitates the hypnotic process. Myron Teitelbaum, M.D., author 
of HYPNOSIS INDUCTION TECHNICS, came to the same conclusion--as is 
evidenced by what he wrote in the last part of Chapter 3: "The hypnotist 
is merely the guide who directs and leads the subject into the trance 
(page 18)." Yet even today there are debates over whether this is 
true. (Simply by reading the postings on this newsgroup, you may soon
discover that people are still debating over who has the power!)

Additionally, the common belief evidenced by research is that a person 
experiencing hypnosis slows down his or her brain waves from BETA 
into ALPHA--although some people believe that we may actually enter 
THETA during deep trance states. (THETA is normally the "dream" state 
we pass through on the way to and from DELTA--or deep sleep.) Be aware 
that since we must all pass through ALPHA on the way to and from sleep, 
we could easily say that all of us experience hypnosis at least twice 
daily. But in working with clients, I keep the explanation as simple 
as possible. That being said, there are those who believe that a person
in a very deep state of hypnosis can actually attain THETA; but there are
also some who would debate that opinion.

To me, the most accurate way of defining hypnosis is to simply call
it "guided meditation." Since many of us enter a meditative or "trance" 
state while listening to music, watching TV, listening to a good speaker 
or a good sermon at church, or even while reading, you could say that 
the hypnotist does not even have to be a live person. So if hypnosis 
were ever outlawed, it would be virtually impossible to enforce, because 
we would have to stop the freedom of speech and freedom of press--and
we would have to outlaw TV, music, sermons, political speeches, etc.!

On the other hand, if all hypnosis is--as Charles Tebbetts firmly 
believed--really Guided self-hypnosis, then that truly makes the hypnotist 
an artist! This is why I chose THE ART OF HYPNOSIS as the title for 
the first volume of my major work based on the teachings of my late 
mentor. Additionally, a friend of the late Milton Erickson told me
personally that Dr. Erickson was "an intuitive master of the art."

2. Does a hypnotized person give up control?

If this were true, then all hypnotherapists would have a 100% success 
rate after only one session for every client who enters hypnosis. 
But while countless thousands of ex-smokers have successfully used 
hypnosis to quit, there are thousands more who still smoke, even after 
being successfully hypnotized several times. (The same can be said
for people wishing to use hypnosis for weight control.)

Do we give up control of our minds during a movie? When is the last 
time you got so involved during a movie or TV show that you actually 
felt emotion? You were literally in a hypnotic trance, although you 
still have the power to emerge from that state if desired. Your mind 
may be guided by a movie, TV show, self-hypnosis tape, or hypnotherapist, 
but YOU still have the power to resist. Even though there are some 
people who seem to at least partially give up control of their minds, 
that is because of misunderstanding who has the power. Certainly one 
can be TRICKED into believing that he/she has "given up control" in 
some forms of stage hypnosis or other experiments--but does that make 
it right? I am part of the NEW ETHICS of hypnotherapy, perpetuating 
what Mr. Tebbetts taught me to disclose: "ALL HYPNOSIS IS SELF-HYPNOSIS." 

Once people really accept this concept, they may enter deep states of
hypnosis while still retaining the power to resist unwanted suggestions.
While it may be possible to trick some people into believing and acting
as though they have given up control, that doesn't necessarily prove 
that hypnosis causes loss of control.

I proved this myself several years ago during a profoundly deep trance 
when the hypnotist suggested that I shave my beard. I brought myself 
right out of hypnosis and gave her a lecture on ethics that hopefully 
she will always remember.

Let's start informing people where the real power is--within THEIR 
OWN MINDS! This will empower them to protect themselves against being
tricked into giving up control. My ultimate goal is to help clients
attain their ideal self-empowerment. And we can begin by no longer referring
to people in hypnosis as "subjects." My own students are asked to use 
the following definitions for people in hypnosis:

CLIENTS = People hypnotized for self-improvement, etc.

PARTICIPANTS = People hypnotized for practice, demonstration, stage 
hypnosis, etc.

PATIENTS = People hypnotized for medical applications of hypnosis.

SUBJECTS = Those who are the subjects of someone experimenting with 
hypnosis (whether for scientific research, or parlor games done by 
untrained hypnotists), or someone who has been tricked into giving 
up control. Please AVOID using this word to refer to clients or patients 
experiencing hypnosis for a beneficial purpose!

In my opinion, the very fact that the scientific community has used
the word "subject" for so many decades is part of the reason why people
still fear hypnosis today. This very word implies giving up control...
and while there are those who wish to still use "disempowerment"
hypnotic methods by tricking people into giving up control, I believe
it's time to teach the truth about where the power is!

3. How does hypnosis feel?

Since hypnosis is a natural state of mind, clients are often surprised 
that they hear every word. Unless one enters a deeper state, or at 
least a medium state, he or she may not "feel" any different than 
when relaxing in the favorite easy chair with a good book. One may 
feel quite mellow, and may feel light (or weightless), or very heavy 
as if sinking into the chair. If one enters a really deep state, the 
feeling may be euphoric for some, or almost like being intoxicated 
without the side effects. In a light state, it is entirely possible 
for a client to believe that he or she was not hypnotized; so it is 
important for a hypnotherapist to know how to competently handle the 
pre-induction discussion as well as the discussion after hypnosis.

There are certain abilities which are enhanced during the actual hypnotic 
process itself: (a) the ability to IMAGINE, (b) the ability to REMEMBER, 
Naturally, it is this last ability which creates the appeal of hypnosis 
to some and the fear of hypnosis to others. And before you go experimenting 
with hypnosis, be advised to seek competent "hands-on" training--or 
at the very least, invest in a quality Home Study course! Simply reading 
is not enough if you plan on facilitating hypnosis.

4. How do we induce hypnosis?

The late Charles Tebbetts taught that virtually all techniques of hypnotic 
induction could be categorized into six main induction categories, 
which he called INDUCTION TYPES. Once understood, a competent hypnotist 
can use them as building blocks for creating almost limitless induction 
techniques. They are summarized below:

a. EYE FIXATION (or "fixed gaze" methods) were primarily used during 
the 1800's, and are the ones usually used by Hollywood. Many people 
(including myself) do not respond to eye fixation inductions; thus, 
people who might respond quite well to other induction types could 
easily be mislabeled as "insusceptible" by a hypnotist employing only 
this type of induction. Several of my clients who have successfully 
responded to other induction types were erroneously told by an M.D. 
or psychologist that they could not be hypnotized after failing to 
respond to a fixed gaze induction.

b. PROGRESSIVE RELAXATION (and/or imagery) methods are frequently used 
on self-hypnosis tapes, as well as by some who facilitate meditation. 
Facilitators often use a relaxation induction (or guided imagery) 
to have someone imagine being in a safe or peaceful place, and then 
awaken to full consciousness. Often those who actually use hypnosis 
inductions of this type will deny their use of hypnosis--and some 
facilitators of such meditations have even told me that they don't 
believe in hypnosis! A trance is a trance--is still a trance! And it is 
a form of hypnosis regardless of what name it is called.

c. MENTAL CONFUSION methods are designed to confuse the conscious 
mind, so that it simply becomes easier to just relax and "let go" 
into hypnosis. Do not attempt this type of induction until you understand 
it, and know what to do when a client enters hypnosis.

d. MENTAL MISDIRECTION methods employ active use of the imagination, 
coupled with physical response, to hypnotize through responding to 
suggestions. Personally, I believe a better name for this category

e. LOSS OF EQUALIBRIUM: most of us seem to have an inherited desire 
to be gently rocked, as is evidenced by the millions of rocking chairs 
available. How many mothers "hypnotize" their babies to sleep by rocking 
them at night?

f. SHOCK TO NERVOUS SYSTEM (surprise): the paternal "rapid" inductions
frequently used by stage hypnotists are examples of this induction type,
employing a sudden emphatic command given in a surprising manner. The
participant or client will experience a "moment of passivity" during
which he or she will either resist the trance, or "let go" and drop quickly 
into hypnosis. Some evangilists may unknowingly be hypnotizing their 
followers by this method at faith healing services while shouting 
a "heal" command. Although I very rarely use this induction type, 
there seems to be a time and place for it once in a while.

When you understand these induction types, you may combine two or 
more as "building blocks" for techniques which are as limitless as 
your imagination. For more detailed explanations of these basic induction 
types, as well as sample techniques, order my book THE ART OF HYPNOSIS:
MASTERING BASIC TECHNIQUES from Kendall/Hunt Publishing. It is the first
volume of a 500-page major work based mainly on the teachings of Charles
Tebbetts, and updated with my own professional experience, and is praised
highly by my peers. The second volume is THE ART OF HYPNOTHERAPY. Either
may be ordered from Kendall/Hunt Publishing at 1-(800)-228-0810.

AUTHOR'S NOTE: There are MANY excellent hypnosis books available besides
mine, and you may check Paul Bunnell's excellent resource guide for titles.
I've named mine in the FAQ because I believe it is appropriate to do so,
and because I believe the amount of time invested in preparing this FAQ
and maintaining it entitles me to refer to them. Additionally, the fact that
I've written hypnosis texts demonstrates my qualifications as author of
the FAQ for this newsgroup. While others might disagree with some of my
answers to these questions, regular readers of this newsgroup have accepted
me as the author of the OFFICIAL FAQ for alt.hypnosis since 1994.

FAQ 1 of 6 (revised 5/97) submitted by:

Roy Hunter, MS, CHt, Certified Hypnotherapy Instructor 
Published Author and Professional Speaker/Trainer

Newsgroups: alt.hypnosis
Subject: FAQ 2 of 6 (5/97 version)
From: (Roy Hunter)
Date: Thu, 1 May 1997 10:12:52 UNDEFINED

This is the second FAQ posting, containing the answers to Questions 5-9.
You may wish to read the one entitled "FAQ 1 of 6" first if you have not
already done so, as it contains the Table of Contents and Questions 1-4.

5. How may I learn self-hypnosis?

The best way to learn self-hypnosis is by asking a qualified hypnotherapist 
to teach you, and to give you post-hypnotic suggestions to reinforce 
what you learn. Additionally, you may find it helpful to read a good 
book on the subject. The one I like best is: SELF-HYPNOSIS AND OTHER 
MIND-EXPANDING TECHNIQUES by Charles Tebbetts (Westwood Publishing). 
A former member of British Parliament told me that, in his opinion, 
the above book was one of the two best books ever written on self-hypnosis. 
He also recommended my own self-hypnosis book to his students. (You may
e-mail me privately if interested in how to obtain my book. It is being
considered for publication by a major publisher.)

Also, SELF-HYPNOTISM by Leslie LeCron is very good, as well as HYPNOTISM 
& MEDITATION by Ormond McGill (Westwood Publishing). I personally 
enjoyed CREATIVE VISUALIZATION by Shakti Gawain (Publisher: New World 
Library). Additionally, there are many good self-help books on visualization 
that are really recommending self-hypnosis techniques even when the 
author does not disclose that the techniques are forms of self-hypnosis.

Additionally, the Resource Guide has several listings for computer programs
designed to teach self-hypnosis.

6. What is the difference between hypnosis and hypnotherapy?

Hypnotherapy is the use of hypnosis for self-improvement and/or the 
release of problems. All hypnotherapy employs hypnosis; but not all 
hypnosis is hypnotherapy. Additionally, mastering the art of hypnosis 
does not necessarily mean one is qualified as a hypnotherapist. Contrary 
to what many might believe, there is more to helping someone overcome 
an unwanted habit than simply giving hypnotic suggestions. If a person's 
subconscious resists positive suggestions for goal achievement, the 
competently trained hypnotherapist is far more likely to be of service 
than those with minimal training in hypnosis, or who are simply self-taught. 
And a background in counseling is NOT a substitute for adequate training 
in hypnotherapy when hypnosis is used to help people. (Refer to Questions
8 and 9 regarding training.)

7. What books and/or other sources can you recommend?

When I studied hypnosis back in 1983, Charles Tebbetts required all 
his students to read HYPNOTISM TODAY by LeCron & Bordeaux (Wilshire 
Book Co.). Although it was written about a half-century ago, it stood 
for many years as the leading book recommended by my mentor, along 
with another book entitled HYPNOTHERAPY by Dave Elman (Westwood Publishing), 
which I strongly recommend that any serious student of hypnosis purchase 
and read, as well as John Hugh's HYPNOSIS: THE INDUCTION OF CONVICTION 
(available from the National Guild of Hypnotists).

My own two-volume major work based on the teachings of my late mentor 
is already resulting in many praises from my peers: THE ART OF HYPNOSIS 
(1st edition sold out; 2nd version available from Kendall/Hunt Publ.); and
THE ART OF HYPNOTHERAPY. You may order either volume by calling toll-free at
1-800-228-0810; and receive a discount if you order both volumes together.

An OUTSTANDING resource list was compiled by Paul Bunnell, which is 
posted as "FAQ 5 of 6" and FAQ 6 of 6" along with a partial list of other
books highly recommended by my peers. To avoid duplication, my list (which 
previously appeared here) now appears in the RESOURCE GUIDE section 
of this FAQ, along with Paul Bunnell's list of books and other valuable 

8. How can I choose a competent hypnosis instructor?

Rather than simply telling you where to go, allow me to share my own 
views regarding instruction itself. My opinions expressed here are 
my own; this is NOT written in behalf of any hypnosis association. 
However, my response is from the point of reference of a combination 
of factors: my professional experience, my national involvement with 
several hypnosis associations and other leaders in the profession, 
my awareness that there are some who would like to control who can 
legally practice hypnosis, and that there are legitimate concerns 
raised about the inadequate training programs that are all too common.

Many 3-day to 5-day training programs have provided "certification" 
representing that a participant can become a qualified or certified 
"hypnotherapist" who can work with almost any client walking through 
the door. And on 4/1/97, I saw a 3-day "certification" course flier
advertising that someone with a doctorate degree can become a
"Certified Medical Hypnotherapist" after only three days of training!!!

I'll respond to this question by quoting sections from pages 6-10 of my

"Charles Tebbetts said numerous times that there is no substitute 
for practice to develop confidence and competence with the art of 
hypnosis. In my opinion, this is even more true for those who wish 
to teach the art of hypnosis. [portions deleted] can you determine 
whether or not your prospective trainer is your wisest choice? First 
of all, ask your prospective hypnotherapy teacher whether or not he/she 
practices hypnotherapy on a full-time or part time basis, and for 
how many years. This is far more important than his or her academic 

[snip]..."I would far rather see someone teaching basic hypnotherapy 
with five years' experience in the profession than an instructor with 
a doctorate degree who only occasionally uses hypnosis in his or her 
practice of medicine or psychology--except for medical and/or other 
specialized applications of hypnosis." (I believe specialty courses 
should normally be taught by those who specialize in those applications 
of hypnosis.)

It is also my opinion that newly certified hypnotherapists who jump 
right into teaching hypnosis a few weeks after their certification 
course are jeopardizing the credibility of our profession. Pay your 
dues and get your experience first!

SECOND: Find out the length of the training. Is it a one-weekend 
certification course? If so, forget it unless it is a specialized 
application of hypnosis for those who are already using hypnotherapy 
professionally. Most major hypnosis associations around the United States 
have now endorsed a 100-hour minimum training requirement before one may be 
considered a "certified hypnotherapist," even if said person has counseling 

THIRD: Find out whether or not the techniques taught are client-centered 
and the classes student-centered. Will you learn hypnotherapy techniques 
that you must use on every single client? There is no hypnotic technique 
I know of that will work on all of the people all of the time. Charles 
Tebbetts taught what I call "diversified client-centered hypnosis." (This 
definition was given to me by Maria Cobb, a competent hypnotherapist 
practicing in Greensboro, North Carolina.)

Also, my teacher exclusively taught subject matter that was directly 
related to the art of hypnotherapy. He did not believe we needed hundreds 
of hours of classes on theories or on topics that have nothing to 
do with the practice of hypnotherapy.

Additionally, has your instructor been certified as a hypnotherapy 
instructor? Many hypnotherapy instructors are self-appointed! While 
some self-appointed instructors may be competent, others might be 
teaching courses that are not recognized by any of the major hypnosis 

Last but not least, find out whether the approach is self-empowerment 
or whether your instructor is treating people as "subjects" which 
he/she dominates during therapy.

Realize that because hypnosis is an art, there is probably no such 
thing as a perfect instructor. Be willing to learn from him or her; 
but make certain you are also willing to continue learning and grow 
beyond your instructor's viewpoints. DON'T EVER make the mistake of 
thinking your instructor is the only person qualified to be an authority 
in hypnotherapy. None of us has all the answers, and I do not recognize 
anyone as the "leading authority" in hypnosis. We are all still learning.

If the only program available near you is a short one, be willing 
to refer many of your clients to those who are adequately trained. 
Make a commitment to yourself to pursue additional training ASAP, 
and/or enroll in a home study course (check the resource guide). Even 
if you have counseling experience, please do NOT let 3-day or one-week 
certification instructors dupe you into thinking that their short 
courses offer sufficient training to qualify you to use regressions 
or other advanced techniques to deal with subconscious resistance 
to change! (The National Guild's Code of Ethics FORBIDS the use of 
hypnotic regression until you are trained in that area!) Don't get 
stung by the consequences of their failure to respond to the light 
of truth: there is NO SHORTCUT to learning hypnosis competently. The 
increasing controversies over "false memories" have resulted from 
therapists employing hypnotic regression without adequate training 
in hypnotic techniques! ...and in many cases these are experienced
mental health counselors who have only minimal training in hypnosis.

9. Which courses or instructors come highly recommended?

The answer to this question will vary based on who you ask. My first
FAQ postings provided names and phone numbers of organizations which
I can comfortably recommend; but due to incessant criticism and flames 
concerning organizations omitted or critiqued in those posts, I have 
chosen to delete giving specific recommendations in an informational 
posting. (NOTE: If you are seriously contemplating training, you may 
wish to refer to Paul Bunnell's RESOURCE GUIDE, and do your homework...)

I recommend you interview your prospective instructor. Also, if you 
study from someone who teaches one primary modality, be careful to 
avoid the trap of believing that your instructor's techniques are 
the only ones that are valid. NO technique, no matter how effective, 
will work for all the people all the time. Be willing to fit the technique 
to the client rather than vice versa. This requires width and depth 
of training! It is absolutely impossible for most people to learn 
enough techniques to accomplish this in just one week--no matter what 
his/her academic credentials are.

If a one-week course or less is all that is initially available to 
you, then you might consider investing in a Home Study course. Then,
please make a firm commitment to both yourself and your clients to
continue your training as soon as you can afford to invest the time 
and money to do so, whether this is by investing in a home study course 
as a supplement to augment the shorter course, and/or by traveling to work
with a competent trainer. When possible, please augment any Home Study
course with "hands-on" training.

Hypnosis is an art. I hope your instructor teaches it as such. Remember 
that an art cannot be mastered overnight! Give yourself TIME to learn.

10. If I have a natural gift, why should I seek training?

Some people seem gifted in the art of hypnosis right from the very 
first class, so it is possible that you could be good at non-therapeutic 
aspects of hypnosis. But if you EVER plan on using hypnosis in a therapeutic 
way to help people be motivated, or to overcome bad habits, etc., 
you run two risks if you fail to obtain "hands-on" training:

(a) First of all, and of VITAL importance, you run a risk of someone 
being left with a negative impression of hypnosis if he/she fails 
to respond to your attempts to help. Even the best of us cannot help 
all the people all the time. But the probability of helping a client 
is far greater if you have a good understanding of a variety of techniques 
and disciplines, so that you may fit the technique to the client rather 
than the other way around. Even if you understand the importance of 
suggestion structure, some people may have subconscious resistance 
to change. Frequently the failure is not theirs; but rather, that 
of an inadequately trained hypnotherapist who tried to make the client 
fit his/her technique or style. Believe it or not, this sometimes 
happens with counselors or psychologists with little or no training 
in hypnotherapy who use hypnosis because it is legal for them to do 
so. For example, improper wording itself often cancels hypnotic suggestion.

(b) Second, you will simply not have the respect of hypnotherapists 
who have respected hypnosis enough to invest in their own training. 
If you ARE one of those who learned in only 3 to 5 days, do yourself 
a favor and SEEK ADDITIONAL TRAINING, even if through a home study 
course. This is important to both you and your clients.

Additionally, our legal survival as a profession is in danger because 
of the very fact that there are self-taught people using hypnosis 
therapeutically, as well as "certified" hypnotherapists who only completed 
"certification" courses lasting a week or less. We as a profession 
simply must increase our own standards if we are to prevent the A.M.A. 
and A.P.A. from dictating who may or may not use hypnosis. Some with 
doctorate degrees have been ACTIVELY trying to legislate us out of 
legality in a number of states. We must start insisting that hypnotherapists 
seek adequate training before calling themselves "Certified Hypnotherapists," 
or we must create a new name for those trained in advanced techniques! 
If we do not do so, there is a risk that hypnosis could once again 
be controlled by an elite few.

Although I will admit these opinions are my own, they are strong ones based
on my awareness of problems that have arisen in recent years. Please don't
take short-cuts in your training, or you may be short-cutting both yourself
and your clients.

FAQ 2 of 6 (revised 5/97) submitted by:

Roy Hunter, Certified Hypnotherapy Instructor 
Published Author and Professional Speaker/Trainer

Newsgroups: alt.hypnosis
Subject: FAQ 3 of 6 (5/97 version)
From: (Roy Hunter)
Date: Thu, 1 May 1997 10:13:22 UNDEFINED

This is my third FAQ posting, containing Questions 11-15. You may wish
to read the ones entitled "FAQ 1 of 6" and "FAQ 2 of 6" first if you have
not already done so, as they contain Questions 1-10.

11. What makes hypnotherapy different than cognitive therapy?

Cognitive counseling deals with issues at a cognitive level; and many 
of life's problems require just that. When someone has to make difficult 
cognitive decisions, competent professional help is absolutely essential! 
For example, hypnotherapy is not a substitute for marriage counseling. 
But when it comes to changing habits or behaviors regulated by the 
subconscious, there is nothing faster than competent hypnotherapy 
to facilitate subconscious change. However, hypnosis is NOT A PANACEA 
for all life's problems, and it should not be advertised as such.

It's also important to realize that a competent hypnotherapist recognizes 
that he or she is NOT licensed to diagnose (unless trained and licensed 
to do so). While a physician, psychologist, or licensed mental health 
practitioner may be qualified to diagnose or "label" the cause of 
someone's problem, it is advisable for the hypnotherapist to avoid 
doing so. Additionally, in my opinion, even when a licensed mental 
health practitioner uses hypnosis, it is VITALLY important to avoid 
projecting the preconceived opinion into the hypnotherapy session. 
If that opinion is incorrect, it may taint the trance--making it difficult 
to differentiate between repressed memories and false memories. This is
one of numerous reasons why you need specialized training in hypnosis even
if you are already a mental health practitioner.

A diagnostician formulates a professional opinion on the cause of 
a problem. A competent hypnotherapist asks the client's subconscious 
mind to disclose the cause, and then either proceeds or refers accordingly, 
based on the information disclosed -- as well as his/her qualifications.

Here's a good analogy: psychologists and mental health counselors 
could be compared to the "hardware" experts, whereas hypnotherapists 
are only trained to improve the software. But even the "hardware" experts
need competent training in hypnosis if they plan on employing it.

With that being said, there are some traditional therapists who also emply
hypnosis, and thus prefer that traditional therapy be called by that name
rather than by the name of "cognitive" therapy.

12. How can hypnosis be used to quit smoking or manage weight?

There are many roads leading from San Francisco to New York; likewise 
there are many ways to successfully help someone quit smoking. But 
the KEY is simple: THE CLIENT MUST CHOOSE TO CHANGE. If this is not 
so, long-term success is very unlikely.

I use a positive approach, based on the client identifying the benefits 
of change. Hypnosis is used to sell the benefits to the subconscious 
before any suggestions are given to quit smoking or reduce.

Some people use substitutes for old smoking triggers, and some do 
not. I recommend one deep breath, as it has no calories and no side 
effects. It is far better for the CONSCIOUS mind to choose the substitute 
than for the subconscious, as one addiction might be traded for another. 
Furthermore, if there is still pleasure associated with smoking, the 
client needs to make a conscious decision to choose another way of 
having some pleasure in a healthy manner, or there is greater risk 
of backsliding. Some hypnotherapists unnecessarily use regression 
back to the first smoke, based on the premise that the original cause 
must be removed. But with smoking, more recent causes usually far 
overshadow the original cause, which has often faded with time. However,
if there is subconscious resistance to the positive approach, I'll use
hypnotherapy (as described in the last paragraph of this question).

With weight reduction, I still start with the benefits approach. Often 
there is more work to be done, however, as people may overeat as an 
adjunctive response to another unresolved issue. Depending on the 
cause disclosed by the subconscious mind, I may or may not be qualified 
to help the client resolve the issue. Some clients are referred elsewhere.

If there is subconscious resistance to the more positive approach 
for ANY type of goal, a client-centered approach would be to ask the 
subconscious to reveal what the cause is so that it may be released. 
(Without release from the cause, the problem may return.) Once the cause
is revealed by the subconscious, there are numerous techniques that a
competently trained hypnotherapist may use, including (but not limited to)
regression therapy or parts therapy. And before you use advanced techniques,
you are well-advised to have received competent supervised training in
such techniques!

13. Can hypnosis be used to reduce pain and/or suffering from illness?

Pain is a warning that something is wrong with the body, and it needs 
to be diagnosed by someone qualified to do so. Any competent hypnotherapy 
instructor emphasizes to his or her students the importance of requiring 
a written referral from an examining physician before ever using hypnosis 
to reduce pain or other physical symptoms. The exception (for those 
who are not licensed to practice medicine) is if the examining physician 
is physically present and/or is supervising the hypnotic process. Once
such permission is obtained, hypnosis can often be a very beneficial
ADJUNCT to appropriate traditional treatment.

Since the time of a hypnotherapist is not nearly as expensive as the
time of a physician, hopefully there will be greater cooperation between 
the medical profession and the hypnotherapy profession in the future. 
A competently trained hypnotherapist should know, even with a medical 
referral, when to simply use hypnosis for symptom removal, and when 
and how to use hypnosis to search for subconscious causes of the symptom(s). 
Hypnosis can make a difference even with major disease! You might 
be interested in reading LOVE, MEDICINE & MIRACLES by Bernie S. Siegel, 
M.D. (Publisher: Harper & Row), and/or ANSWER CANCER by Steve Parkhill.

One of my professional goals is to help build a bridge of credibility
between hypnotherapy and traditional therapy.

14. Is hypnosis dangerous?

According to many instructors, hypnosis of and by itself is not dangerous. 
If it were, we would all be in jeopardy every time we get engrossed 
in a good book, movie, or TV show. But unwise use of suggestion may 
create the opposite of the desired results if the person using hypnosis 
does not understand the disciplines of suggestion structure. For example, 
a suggestion such as "You don't like candy" will cause someone to 
imagine candy, and imagination is the language of the subconscious!

What we say and how we say it creates images in the subconscious, 
which does not know the difference between fact and fantasy. (If you 
don't believe that last statement, hold your arms out in front of 
you and close your eyes. Then imagine a bucket in one hand and 100 
helium balloons in the other. Imagine SEEING water pour into the bucket. 
HEAR it splashing, and FEEL the bucket getting heavy. After several 
seconds of deep breathing, open your eyes and notice where your arms 
are. Most people will notice a difference!) An untrained hypnotist 
often talks about the problems to be avoided; whereas most competent 
hypnotherapists focus on results--whether they use direct or indirect 
suggestions, and/or discovering and releasing the subconscious cause(s)
of resistance to change.

However, with that being said, there are several areas of concern which
I believe need to be addressed here:

a. AVERSION SUGGESTION: In my opinion, the gross aversion suggestion 
given in many group hypnosis seminars is very risky. If a person VIVIDLY 
IMAGINES major disease as a result of smoking, and convinces himself 
or herself that the disease will come if the smoking habit persists, 
then how can we be sure whether the negative subconscious belief had 
anything to do with creating the onset of the disease??? Suggestions 
must be kept POSITIVE, affirming the desired results. Yet there are 
books written by people with doctorate degrees which advocate the 
use of aversion suggestion when dealing with tobacco and other addictions.

One of my former clients, desperate to lose weight, bought a suggestion 
given by her psychiatrist to get sick whenever she tasted or desired 
pizza; and she did so twice weekly whenever her husband called for 
pizza delivery. After suffering for over a year, she saw me to have 
the aversion suggestion removed. I am 99% opposed to most uses of 
aversion suggestion, except very temporary and mild ones in rare cases 
when numerous other attempted (and appropriate) techniques are resisted.

b. REGRESSIONS AND FALSE MEMORIES: First of all, let's consider the 
fact that a COMPETENTLY trained hypnotherapist might, in some cases, 
choose to hypnotize a client with a hypnotic regression being one 
of the objectives to achieving therapeutic results! This is perfectly 
acceptable if the hypnotherapist is trained in the effective handling 
of client abreactions, understands the risk of false memories, AND 
is also working within his or her field of competency. But if you 
have not had "hands on" training in regression therapy, or if you 
do not understand the difference between "leading" and "guiding" questions 
or suggestions, BE ADVISED to avoid causing hypnotic regressions. 

Because of the increased ability to fantasize, it is all to easy for
a compliant client to fantasize a suggested sexual molestation that 
never took place!!! Some mental health professionals have found themselves 
on the wrong end of lawsuits because of this very problem. This is 
a glaring example of the dangers of projecting your own pre-conceived 
opinions into the trance state created by your clients; so until you 
know how to competently facilitate a hypnotic regression, DON'T -- 
not even if you are an experienced counselor.

If the above warnings about false memories aren't enough to convince you
to obtain competent training, ask yourself how easy it would be for a
"UFO abductee-wannabe" to convince both himself/herself and a hypnotist
that a real abduction took place? Also, if a hypnotist is convinced that
an overweight person starved to death in a past life, it is amazingly
easy for the subconscious to fantasize something to validate that opinion.
In short, people REGARDLESS of their degrees (or lack thereof) should avoid
using hypnosis to validate a pre-conceived opinion about the cause of a
client's problem.

c. PAIN MANAGEMENT: Since pain is a warning that something is wrong 
with the body, the cause should be discovered by someone who is licensed 
to diagnose. See my comments for Question #13.

d. ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOR: No ethical hypnotherapist would even consider 
trying to use hypnosis to induce criminal or anti-social behavior, 
nor trying to deceive someone into doing such. Furthermore, research 
seems to indicate that a person would not knowingly accept suggestions 
to break the law unless he/she is already inclined to do so. Nonetheless 
there are occasional postings on this newsgroup claiming that some 
people have been the subjects of secret government experiements involving 
drug-induced hypnotic mind control experiements. Although I am not 
personally aware of such experiments, there have been many questionable 
things done over the centuries in the name of scientific research. 
I personally believe that a normal person could resist unwanted suggestions 
(especially if he/she knows that hypnosis is self-hypnosis), but I'm 
not qualified to state what might or might not be possible with certain 
mind-altering drugs. Also, people can be tricked even in a fully conscious
state; so it might be unwise to let an unscrupulous person hypnotize you.

e. FORENSIC HYPNOSIS: If you plan on using forensic hypnosis, perhaps 
you should read TRANCE ON TRIAL (Scheflin and Shapiro) and then decide 
whether you wish to seek additional training in that field first. 
And, unless you have a legal background or background in law enforcement, 
make certain that the training you receive is specialized and adequate. 
Even with all my years of experience in hypnotherapy, I still avoid 
the use of forensic hypnosis.

f. DEPENDENCE: The dependence issue should not be a concern with any 
client of a hypnotherapist who seeks to help a client become self-empowered. 
And client-centered techniques are designed to help clients use the 
power of their own minds to change, while the hypnotherapist is simply 
the guide or facilitator of such change. And since I'm a firm believer 
in the benefits of self-hypnosis, perhaps you could say that I've 
become dependent on self-hypnosis because it works! Furthermore, I'll 
put myself on the receiving end of hypnotherapy whenever I require 
it. Self-hypnosis is like lifting a chair; but when I'm moving a piano 
in my subconscious, it's much easier with someone on the other end 
helping to lift.

15. Can you hypnotize someone without their knowledge?

In my opinion, we should not ask whether this is possible, but whether this
would be ETHICAL!

This question is included in the FAQ because there are many who want to know.
Unfortunately, just as people can be tricked while fully aware, they can also
be tricked into hypnosis without knowing -- or even believing -- that they
are in a hypnotic trance!

IMPOSSIBLE you might ask? Well, ask yourself how many times you've been
literally HYPNOTIZED by television! Since hypnosis is a natural state of
mind, you can even enter hypnosis without realizing it while sitting in
Church on Sunday listening to the sermon.

The best way to recognize the spontaneous hypnotic state is to be AWARE
of when your imagination starts working vividly. Realize that since all
hypnosis is really self-hypnosis, YOU have the ability to MONITOR all
suggestions going into your mind...unless, through ignorance, you have been
tricked into giving up control. Refer back to Questions 1 & 2.

Now I'm going to state an opinion that may be considered the most
controversial of this FAQ...

It is my opinion that religious cults often control their membership
through group hypnosis. This belief is partly based on my own past
experience as a member of a religious cult. It took several years
for me to overcome the guilt and become fully "de-programmed" from all
the manipulative subconscious programming done by my former church.
So it is now my opinion that some religions regularly hypnotize their
membership without their ever knowing it. Does that make it ethical?

FAQ 3 of 6 (revised 5/97) submitted by:

Roy Hunter, MS,CHt, Certified Hypnotherapy Instructor 
Published Author and Professional Speaker/Trainer

Newsgroups: alt.hypnosis
Subject: FAQ 4 of 6 (5/97 version)
From: (Roy Hunter)
Date: Thu, 1 May 1997 10:13:52 UNDEFINED

This is my fourth FAQ posting, containing Questions 16-21. You may wish to
read the other FAQ postings first if you have not already done so, as they
contain Questions 1-15.

16. Who is the leading authority on hypnosis?

This is a difficult question to answer. There are some who hold themselves 
up as such, but the longer I'm in this profession the more I realize 
there is to learn about the art of hypnosis.

Who is the leading authority on music? Music is an art. Would you 
consider Barbra Streisand the leading authority on music? Of course 
not... but she is a master artist! Would you consider a music professor 
at Juliard a leading authority? In classical music? In popular music? 
In country Western? And is there a difference between an artist and 
an expert who is an "authority" on any one area of music? It's only 
a matter of opinion. Whose opinion? And is the "authority" also a 
good artist?

Hypnosis can be used to reduce pain. Hypnosis can be used to quit 
smoking. Hypnosis can be used for weight reduction. Hypnosis can be 
used to overcome phobias. Hypnosis can be used to reduce stress or 
anxiety. Hypnosis can be used for entertainment. Can any one person 
be an expert in all areas? It's only a matter of opinion. Whose opinion?

I personally recognize the late Dave Elman as a leading 20th Century 
pioneer of widespread acceptance of hypnosis by physicians. I personally 
recognize LeCron & Bordeaux as 20th Century pioneers as well. I personally 
recognize the late Milton Erickson, M.D., as the Grandfather of modern 
hypnotherapy. I personally recognize the late Charles Tebbetts as 
the leading authority of his day on diversified client-centered hypnosis.
I personally recognize Arthur Winkler, PhD (still living), as the leading
authority on spiritual uses of hypnosis. I personally recognize Ormond
McGill (still living) as the world expert on stage hypnosis. Since medical 
applications of hypnosis is not my area of expertise, I am not qualified 
to give my opinion on the leading authorities of medical applications 
of hypnosis, past or present.

There are some who give public seminars for smoking cessation and/or 
weight reduction who represent themselves as "authority" within the 
hypnotherapy profession; and the negative aversion suggestions and/or 
disempowerment approach indicate to me their lack of training. They 
frequently make promises of outrageous "success rates" which are as 
unbelievable as they sound. If they knew half of what they say they 
know about hypnotherapy, they would inform their audiences how to 
wisely choose a hypnotherapist for the needed private followup sessions. 
They would be doing everyone a favor by supporting the local hypnotherapist.
Success in marketing does not qualify that person as an "authority"
in hypnosis. Let him or her who is considered a "leading authority" 
be so designated by others and not by himself or herself.

There are some who feel they are so much more qualified than others 
that they would like to have total control over all who practice hypnotherapy. 
There is already an uphill battle because certain psychologists would 
like to outlaw hypnotherapy by defining it as part of the practice 
of psychology. See my comments in question 18.

17. What about stage hypnosis?

This is a broad topic that could easily justify a separate FAQ. If an
experienced stage hypnotist wishes to write one and label it as the "Stage
Hypnosis FAQ," please feel free to do so. Meanwhile, here's my opinion...

The reason most people do things they might not ordinarily do during a 
hypnosis show is primarily because of the expectations. Many of those 
same people might refuse similar suggestions in the privacy of a hypnotherapy 
office. While most hypnotherapists believe that all hypnosis is really 
guided self-hypnosis, it is also true that a person will respond according 
to his/her beliefs! So if a person enters hypnosis during a stage 
show with the belief that the hypnotist has control, he/she will respond 
accordingly unless given a suggestion which there is strong emotional 
resistance to refuse. Some people can be tricked into giving their 
power away, but that doesn't make it right to do so.

Many hypnotherapists are totally against stage hypnosis; but again, my
belief is that stage hypnosis of and by itself is neither good nor bad.
Rather, it depends on the way it is presented. Some hypnotherapists forget
that stage hypnosis has kept interest in hypnosis alive since the days
of Mesmer. Let's appreciate that fact!

18. What about legislation to regulate hypnotherapy?

In 1987, Washington State enacted a law requiring anyone practicing 
hypnotherapy for compensation to be a "Registered Hypnotherapist" 
unless practicing hypnosis within his/her scope of practice in another 
licensed health care field. "A Law Relating to Counselors -- RCW 18.19" 
also requires that hypnotherapists abide by professional standards 
of ethics, but it gives freedom to the hypnotherapy profession to 
be self-regulated, thus providing benefit to both the profession and
to the general public.

In other states, the ASCH has made attempts to pass legislation that 
would outlaw hypnotherapy unless done by someone with a doctorate 
degree or by a licensed mental health care professional. They succeeded 
in Texas, and the hypnotherapy profession is now fighting to reverse 
a law which in my opinion should be considered unconstitutional because 
it erased an entire existing profession. This type of restrictive 
legislation is in my opinion nothing more than a "turf war" designed to
protect the pocketbooks of an elite few at the expense of many competent
hypnotherapists as well as those among the general public who may be 
unethically denied their right of free choice for alternative therapy.

Also, such turf wars apparently are not just limited to the psychologists. 
According to information I've received from the O.P.E.I.U. (AFL/CIO),
there have already been attempts made in at least two states to legally 
require hypnotherapists to belong to the A.C.H.E. in order to practice 
hypnotherapy; although Gil Boyne sent me an e-mail stating that the
information I received is incorrect. At his request, that e-mail was
reproduced in an earlier version of this FAQ -- along with a letter from
Rev. Scott Giles with an opposing point of view. However, in order to minimize
controversy, I have deleted both e-mails from the current version of the FAQ.

In early 1996 there was much debate over a controversial bill in California. 
While many of us residing in other states were asked not to meddle, we
were extremely interested because we believe that events which took 
place in California could impact our profession nationwide. Again, I will not 
take space in this FAQ to reproduce the arguments pro and con. However, 
because some hypnotherapists who opposed AB 2696 believe that the Union 
backed the bill, it is appropriate for me to state that the O.P.E.I.U.
did NOT back AB 2696 in its revised format. Hypnotherapists all across
the country were glad to learn that AB 2696 died.

Where do I stand personally on legislation? I oppose turf wars. In my 
opinion, NO ONE GROUP nor any one hypnosis association should have 
total control over hypnotherapy in any state or any country. Be loyal 
to principles, and give your loyalty in degrees to those organizations 
and/or leaders who EARN it -- and NOT to those who simply demand it or try 
to pass legislation to enforce loyalty. Let the legislation serve 
both the profession and the general public rather than serving the 
elite. It is my hope that whatever legislation passes in any state will
become a win/win for both the hypnotherapy profession AND the public,
just as we have inside Washington State. The public can benefit by the
requirement of hypnotherapists to follow professional ethical standards,
and hypnotherapy can benefit by BOTH increased credibility AND possible
insurance reimbursement.

19. Is hypnotherapy covered by insurance?

Because of the Washington State legislation requiring registration of 
hypnotherapists, doors are finally being opened for insurance reimbursement
inside Washington...and it may soon spread to other states.

Certain health care plans now include coverage for hypnotherapy under
certain circumstances when done by a Registered Hypnotherapist. While the
scope of coverage is somewhat limited, and only a few plans offer such
coverage, this is a start! 

Additionally, Boeing covers smoking cessation as an employee benefit even
when hypnotherapy is used. ONLY the employee is covered; the cost is 80%
reimbursed up to the first $200, and the employee must submit a special
reimbursement form to Boeing rather than going through his/her normal
health insurance plans. (Note: If the Boeing employee is unable to obtain 
the proper form through his/her local Boeing plant, one may be obtained by
contacting the Boeing Company in Seattle at Mail Stop 11-56.)

Perhaps it's time for the general public to ask their insurance companies
to offer coverage for hypnotherapy! There was a time when chiropractic was
not available in any insurance plan...yet now there are numerous health
plans that include chiropractic. 

It's time for hypnotherapy to be recognized!

20. Are people doing hypnotherapy and calling it something else?

A trance is still a trance, regardless of whether it is called hypnosis,
meditation, visualization, progressive relaxation, creative daydreaming,
auditing, rebirthing, etc. Most people experience trance states frequently
without ever realizing it.

Facilitators in seminars often employ group hypnosis without disclosing to
their audience that hypnosis is being used!!! In some cases, the facilitator
actually realizes that he/she is hypnotizing the audience. In other cases,
the facilitator doesn't even realize that hypnosis is taking place! This is
OFTEN true in church, where a minister who literally hypnotizes many in the
congregation will actually command those same people to avoid hypnosis!

One religious organization actually employes hypnosis under a different name
while telling its members to avoid using hypnosis! YOU decide the ethics of
this. How would you like to be hypnotized by the same person repeatedly, and
be given suggestions to return week after week, and then be given suggestions
to refuse to let anyone else ever hypnotize you???

It's time we awaken out of our mass hypnosis. Perhaps the true hypnotherapist
is actually DE-hypnotizing people from the negative trances induced upon us
by the world around us.

21. What about so-called Past Life therapy?

This is among the most controversial hypnotic techniques. While many can
truthfully argue that there is no scientific evidence to support the validity
of past life regressions, there are those who argue with equal fervor that
clients have enjoyed profound benefit from past life regressions (PLR).

Does one person's belief OR disbelief in PLR make it true or untrue? Most of
those reading this FAQ have already formed opinions pro or con, or somewhere
inbetween. Before revealing my somewhat ambiguous opinion, consider SEVERAL
possible explanations...

a. FANTASY OR METAPHOR: This is a possible explanation for many PLR's, and
is plausible even if you believe one or more of the other explanations.

b. ACTUAL PAST LIFE MEMORIES: Many people believe that this explanation
can neither be proven NOR disproven by science. While it has been said
that extraordinary claims demand extraordinary proof, the scientist might
wisely ask "Can it be proven?" while others might ask, "Can you disprove it?"
If something cannot be proven to be true, does that prove it to be untrue?

c. SOUL-TAPPING: Is it possible for us to tap into actual memories of a
soul that lived in the past? Perhaps we can be like a VCR, playing the
tape of selected memories by tapping into the Universal Library where the
book of life is kept, etc., or Akashic records, or by tapping into the
actual memories of a departed soul.

d. UNIVERSAL CONSCIOUSNESS: Some people believe we can tap into the Holy
Spirit or Universal Consciousness, and find any appropriate memories of
an actual soul that lived in the though all such memories
remain permanently circulating in the universe.

You are free to choose your own explanation(s) which best serve you. However,
if you are a practicing hypnotherapist, it is my opinion that we should work
within the CLIENT'S belief system! It is your personal right to decide
which of the above explanations you choose to believe. However, the most
client-centered approach is to AVOID projecting your own belief into the
client. Please do NOT facilitate a PLR if the client does not request it.
Likewise, please do NOT criticize a client for requesting a PLR if you do
not believe in it. Either honor the request, or refer him/her elsewhere.
PLR is discussed at length in Chapter 13 of THE ART OF HYPNOTHERAPY. But I
must tell you that you still might not know my own beliefs  regarding this
controversial technique evern after reading my book!

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Many readers in this newsgroup frequently express dislike for advertising 
that is not marked as such in the "subject" line. Strong dislike has 
been expressed for ads irrelevant to hypnosis.

*** NOTE! ***
The new GLOSSARY is contained in FAQ 5 of 6.

FAQ 4 of 6 (revised 5/97) submitted by:

Roy Hunter, MS,CHt, Certified Hypnotherapy Instructor
Published Author and Professional Speaker/Trainer

Newsgroups: alt.hypnosis
Subject: FAQ 5 of 6 (5/97 version, glossary added )
From: (Roy Hunter)
Date: Thu, 1 May 1997 10:15:41 UNDEFINED

This is my fifth FAQ posting, containing the new GLOSSARY and the first
part of Paul Bunnel's excellent Resource Guide. You may wish to read the
other FAQ postings first if you have not already done so, as they contain
my answers to Frequently Asked Questions.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
GLOSSARY (of common hypnosis terms & abbreviations)
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

abreaction: emotional discharge, usually due to remembering past pain
anchoring: establishing a trigger which, when activated, will trigger certain
        responses, happens randomly in life, but can be suggested during
        hypnosis (also see triggers)
age regression: guiding a hypnotized person backwards in time by his/her age
        WARNING: Only those trained in regression therapy should do this!
alpha: a state of the mind where brainwave activity slows down to a range of
        from 7-14 cycles per second, during which we experience hypnosis, and
        which we pass through on the way to and from sleep daily
altered consciousness: synonomous with alpha; terminology used to refer to
        the state of mind we experience during hypnosis, meditation, or any
        form of trance
aversion suggestion: suggestions given that emphasize negative aspects of a
        habit, such as smoke smelling horrible and making someone sick
awakening: the act of bringing a person up out of trance and into full
        conscious awareness
beta: that state of mind we are in during most of our waking hours, the
        thinking mode
deepening: in hypnosis, this refers to attaining a more profound trance state
delta: that state of mind we enter during deep sleep, total unconsciousness
direct suggestion: suggestions given as commands
expectancy: having expectations of a certain outcome
eye-fixation: induction involving staring at an object
false memories: fantasies that are experienced during a mishandled regression
        which are believed to be repressed memories rather than fantasies
FMS: abbreviation for False Memory Syndrome
hypnosis: a trance state which is guided by someone or something other than
        the person experiencing the trance (there are numerous definitions by
        different experts)
hypnotherapist: a trained professional who uses hypnosis to help people with
        self-improvement and/or for therapeutic purposes
hypnotherapy: the use of hypnosis for self-improvement and/or for therapeutic
hypnotist: anyone who guides another person into hypnosis
ideomotor responding: having client answer questions via finger movement
imagery: using the imagination to fantasize or remember events
indirect suggestion: permissive suggestions
induction: a technique that guides (induces) a person into a hypnotic state
initial sensitizing event: an emotional event that is the ORIGIN of a certain
        problem, creating a sensitivity to feelings; such as claustrophobia
        being traced back to being locked in a closed at age 3
ISE: abbreviation for Initial Sensitizing Event
NLP: abbreviation for Neuro-Linguistic Programming, a modality of change
        evolved from the teachings of Milton Erickson
NS: abbreviation for Non-Smoking programs
old tapes: a term frequently used to describe memories that are replayed in
        the imagination in a manner that may influence our behavior and/or
original sensitizing event: alternate name for initial sensitizing event
parts therapy: a complex hypnotic technique where the therapist talks with
        various parts of the mind, such as the inner child and inner adult
        WARNING: Only those trained in this technique should use it!
past life therapy: regression into real or imagined past life
PLR: abbreviation for Past Life Regression
PLT: abbreviation for Past Life Therapy (PLR is used more often)
post-hypnotic suggestion: a suggestion given during the trance state which
        is acted upon after emerging from the trance state
PR: abbreviation for Progressive Relaxation
progressive relaxation: induction involving the progressive relaxation of
        various parts of the body
PT: abbreviation for Parts Therapy
rapport: a comfortable feeling between client and hypnotist resulting in a
        level of trust, resulting in greater ability to respond to suggestion
reframing: using the imagination to imagine a different outcome of a past
        event, such as combining Gestalt therapy with regression therapy to
        facilitate release (also used in NLP)
regression: going back in time during trance to remember past events, and
        replaying them in the imagination, often with accompanying emotions
self-hypnosis: a self-induced trance state
stage hypnosis: the public use of hypnosis purely for entertainment purposes
subconscious: that part of our mind which is the seat of imagination,
        emotion, artistic abilities (and other skills), and which takes care
        of numerous functions without our conscious awareness, such as
        automatic functions of our organs, etc.
subjects (of hypnosis): the term used by many to describe a person who is
        in hypnosis (NOTE: the word "client" is used with increasing
        frequency by hypnotherapists)
systematic desensitization: use of programmed imagery in a systematic way
        to help desensitize someone from an anxiety or phobia
theta: that state of the mind we are in while dreaming
time distortion: the term for a unique phenomenom where we lose conscious
        awareness of how much time has passed (examples: 5 minutes can seem
        like 20 minutes, or vice versa)Affirmations
triggers: something seen, heard, felt, etc., which "triggers" a response,
        urge, memory, or emotion, etc., such as turning the key in the car
        might "trigger" a smoker to light up a cigarette
WT: abbreviation for WeighT
zzz: sleeeeeeeeep

* * * * * * * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

Here is the 4/2/97 version of the RESOURCE GUIDE prepared by Paul Bunnell.
This first part is contained in FAQ 5 of 6; the second part is contained
in FAQ 6 of 6. Note that Paul may post a more recent version before the
next revision of the FAQ.


From: (P. Bunnell)
Subject: Hypnosis Learning Resources (Apr 97)
Date: Wed, 02 Apr 1997 07:11:23 -0500

=====================  HYPNOSIS LEARNING RESOURCES =====================
  APRIL 2, 1997

This is a list of sources of information available for those who wish
to learn more about hypnosis, or how to do hypnosis or self-hypnosis.

Please feel free to contact me with any corrections or additions to this
list which you feel would be helpful.

nature regarding the benefits and changes possible through hypnosis
should be directed to qualified hypnotherapists.

   - Paul Bunnell,
*** This list is also available on the World Wide Web at --

Books recommended by readers of alt.hypnosis and others
SELF-HYPNOSIS: The Complete Manual For Health And Self-Change
     Brian Alman, Peter Lambrou; Brunner Mazel
    Frank Caprio and Joseph Berger; Prentice Hall.
HYPNOSIS, the Application of Ideomotor Techniques
    David B. Cheek; Allyn and Bacon
    Dave Elman; Westwood Publishing
    Milton H. Erickson; Irvington Publ.
    Milton H. Erickson, Ernest Rossi; Irvington Publ. 
HYPNOTIC REALITIES: The Induction of Clinical Hypnosis and Forms of
Indirect Suggestion
    M. Erickson, E. Rossi & S. Rossi; Irvington Publ.
    Charles J. Francis; National Guild of Hypnotists
THERAPEUTIC TRANCES, The Cooperation Principle in Ericksonian Hypnotherapy
    Stephen S. Gilligan; Brunner Mazel
    John Grinder and Richard Bandler; Real People Press.
    D. Hammond;  WW Norton
    Ronald Havens; Irvington Publ. 
    John C. Hughes; National Guild of Hypnotists
    Roy Hunter; Westwood Publishing
    * Revised edition is SELF-HYPNOSIS FOR EMPOWERMENT, and is 
      available from the author in electronic format.
    Roy Hunter; Kendall/Hunt Publishing.
    Roy Hunter; Kendall/Hunt Publishing.
    Tad James & Wyatt Woodsmall; Meta Publications Inc.
    John G. Kappas, Ph.D.; Panorama Publishing Company
    A. M. Krasner; American Board of Hypnotherapy Press
    Leslie LeCron & Jean Bordeaux; Wilshire Book Co.
SELF-HYPNOTISM: The Technique and Its Use in Daily Living
    Leslie LeCron; Signet
    Ormond McGill; Westwood Publishing
    William O'Hanlon, W.W. Norton & Co.
TAPROOTS: Underlying Principles of Milton Erickson's Therapy and Hypnosis
    William O'Hanlon, W.W. Norton & Co.
    William J. Ousby
    Stephen C. Parkhill, Health Communications
    George Pratt, Dennis Wood, Brian Alman; John Wiley & Sons
    Charles Tebbetts, Westwood Publishing
    Myron Teitelbaum; Charles C Thomas Pub Ltd
    Michael Yapko; Brunner Mazel
TRANCEWORK: An Introduction To The Practice of Clinical Hypnosis
    Michael Yapko; Brunner Mazel

Sources of Books, Cassettes & Video
Advanced Neuro Dynamics, Inc. 
   books by Tad James
   see listing under "Training Courses and Videos"
* Catalog available on request Books
     (Internet discount book ordering service
      with a large selection)

The American Institute of Hypnotherapy (AIH)
16842 Von Karman, Suite 475
Irvine, CA 92714
  800-872-9996 (outside CA)
  800-634-9766 (inside CA)
* Catalog available on request

Blue Ridge Book Gallery
Banner Elk, North Carolina, USA
Used, Rare & Out-of-Print Books 
  Hypnosis books:
  Home page: home page:
Felicity Press
PO Box 92
Islington NSW 2296
* E-mail:
Felicity has acquired a number of secondhand books on the topic
of hypnosis. For a list of available books, email Mark Owen at

Filmakers Library
  Source for: Milton H. Erickson, M.D. 
              Explorer in Hypnosis And Therapy 
  Produced by Jay Haley and Madeleine Richeport 
  56 min. Video. Sale $250. Rental $75.
This video is a fascinating portrait of the life  and work of Milton
H. Erickson, M.D. (1901-1980).  It contains rare archival footage of
Erickson at work, allowing  the viewer to see his extraordinary
ability to heal both body  and mind through hypnosis.
* Filmakers Library, 124 East 40th Street, New York, NY 10016
* Phone: 212-808-4980, fax: 212-808-4983
* H. Erickson, M.D.
* E-mail:

Roy Hunter
  Video tapes, cassettes and books are available directly from Roy
Hunter, author of The Art of Hypnosis and The Art of Hypnotherapy.
The items available include video tapes demonstrating inductions and
hypnotherapy based on the work of Charles Tebbetts. For more details,
contact Roy Hunter by e-mail at:

Hypnosis Motivation Institute (HMI)
(Panorama Publishing Company)
18607 Ventura Blvd, Suite 310
Tarzana, CA 91356
  orders: 800-634-5620
     fax: 818-344-2262
* Catalog available on request

iBS - Internet Book Shop
6 Isis Business Centre
Pony Road
Oxford, OX4 2RD
"The largest online bookshop in the world"
* Tel: +44 ( 0 ) 1865 771772
* Fax: +44 ( 0 ) 1865 771766
* E-mail:

Information Unlimited
* Inquiries: 603-673-4730, Orders: 800-221-1705 
* Fax: 603-672-5406
* E-mail:
* Source for the following books: Post-Hypnotic Instruction,
  Hypnosis Today, New Concepts of Hypnosis, Self-Hypnosis:
  a Conditioned Response Technique, Modern Hypnosis, and
  Secrets of Hypnosis

Irvington Publishers
740 Broadway
New York, NY 10003
  orders: 603-922-5105
     fax: 603-669-7945
Kendall/Hunt Publishing
  orders: (800) 228-0810
Meta Publications Inc. 
PO Box 1910
Capitola, CA 95010 
* 408-464-0254 
* fax 408-464-0517 
* source for "Patterns" 1&2, by Bandler/Grinder

The National Guild of Hypnotists
  orders: (603) 429-9438

W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
500 Fifth Avenue
New York, N.Y. 10110
  orders:  800-233-4830
     fax:  717-346-1442
  Home page:
  web page for books on Hypnosis/Erickson/Psychobiology:
Tools For Exploration
   Over 1000 products for enhancing energy, consciousness and health:
mind machines, tools, tapes and books.
   Use the Search function for "hypnosis" or the topic of your choice.
The categories on the Browse Products page do not show all (and in
some cases _any_) of the products available. This site has some
cassettes from Richard Bandler, including the Hypnosis in Munich set.

1444 Appleton St. 
Long Beach, CA 90802
* (562) 436-8875 
* E-mail:
   TranceWorks maintains a constantly updated supply of used books
on hypnosis, NLP and other topics, including many of those appearing
on the H.L.R. recommended book list. Books are available by such
authors as Bandler and Grinder, Braid, Erickson, Haley, LeCron, Hull
and  Zeig. For more information or to request a copy of the list of
current books available, send email to:

Westwood Publishing
700 S Central Avenue
Glendale, CA 91204
  orders: 818-242-1159
     fax: 818-247-9379
* Catalog available on request

Training Courses, Videos and Organizations

** U.S.A. **

Advanced Neuro Dynamics, Inc. (Tad James)
1833 Kalakaua Ave., Suite 908
Honolulu, HI 96815
* 800-800-6463
* 808-941-2021
* fax: 808-951-0417
* Catalog available on request

The American Institute of Hypnotherapy (AIH)
16842 Von Karman Ave, Suite 475
Irvine, CA 92714
* 800-872-9996 (outside CA)
* 800-634-9766 (inside CA)
* 714-261-6400

American Society of Clinical Hypnosis (ASCH)
2200 East Devon, Suite 291
Des Plaines, IL  60018
* 847-297-3317
* fax: 847-297-7309

The Eastern Institute of Hypnotherapy
Virginia Beach Office
1168 First Colonial Rd., Suite 12
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
* 804-496-2552
* Allen S. Chips, DCH, Exec. Director
* Offering training for certification in Clinical Hypnotherapy,
  EIH provides the entry level student with a broad foundation
  in modern hypnotherapy and NLP.
The Milton H Erickson Foundation
3606 North 24th Street
Phoenix, Arizona 85016
* 602-956-6196
* Fax. 602-944-6529
* Web page:
* The Milton H. Erickson Foundation, Inc., is a federal nonprofit
  corporation. It was formed to promote and advance the contributions
  made to the health sciences by the late Milton H. Erickson, MD, 
  during his long and distinguished career. The Foundation is 
  dedicated to training health and mental health professionals.
Hypnosis Motivation Institute (HMI)
18607 Ventura Blvd, Suite 310
Tarzana, CA 91356
* 818-344-4464

Hypnotherapy Training Institute
4640 Sonoma Highway
Santa Rosa, CA 95409 
* (800) 256-6448
* (707) 579-9023 
* fax: (707) 578-1033
* Home page:
* E-mail:
* School licensed by the State of California, including state approved
  diplomas. Approved for Certification by the American Council of
  Hypnotist Examiners.

Institute of Transformational Therapies 
6595 Roswell Road N.E., Suite 828 
Atlanta, Georgia 30328 USA
* Web page:
* E-mail:
* The Institute of Transformational Therapies exists to educate,
  train and certify individuals in the professional use of healing
  therapies using a broad range of East-West treatment modalities,
  including Transformational Hypnosis and Reiki.
International Medical & Dental Hypnotherapy Association
4110 Edgeland
Royal Oak, MI 48073
* (810) 549-5594
* Anne H. Spencer, PhD, Founder

...continued in FAQ 6 of 6...

Newsgroups: alt.hypnosis
Subject: FAQ 6 of 6 (5/97 version)
From: (Roy Hunter)
Date: Thu, 1 May 1997 10:16:51 UNDEFINED

Here is the 4/2/97 version of the RESOURCE GUIDE prepared by Paul Bunnell.
This second part is entitled FAQ 6 of 6; the first part is contained
in FAQ 5 of 6. Note that Paul may post a more recent version before the
next FAQ revision.

Training Courses, Videos and Organizations

Mid-state Hypnosis
P O Box 111
Jonesburg, MO 63351
* (314) 488-3319
* See listing under WWW Hypnosis Sites for more details

The Omni Hypnosis Training Center (Gerald Kein)
197 Glenwood Rd
DeLand, FL 32720
* orders: 800-226-5346
*    fax: 904-736-7598
* E-mail:
* Home page
* Catalog available on request
  The web site provides a summary review of the video tapes and
  training courses available from Gerald Kein and his Omni
  Hypnosis Center in Florida. His video courses have been highly
  praised and recommended by participants of alt.hypnosis.

Saichek/Vail Associates
7001 West Center Street
Wauwatosa, WI 53210 USA 
* (414) 258-0663
* Home page
  Founded in 1978, is a personal therapy and professional training
  facility endorsed by the International Medical & Dental
  Hypnotherapy Association, the American Association of
  Professional Hypnotherapists, and the American Association of
  Behavioral Therapists. Our professional training earns State of
  Wisconsin Psychologist's Examining Board CEU's and State of
  Illinois Social Work CEU's. They have available a training video
  titled: Hypnotherapy With Resistant Clients: An Introduction to
  the Ericksonian Method

St. John's University
31916 University Circle
Springfield, LA 70462
* (504) 294-2129
* Arthur Winkler, PhD
* Degrees are available in several areas, including hypnotherapy,
  which have theological accreditation. Also, an outstanding book
  of hypnosis scripts is available for certified hypnotherapists.

Dr. Michael Stower
* E-mail:
* Web page:
* Offering Continuing Education and Certification training
  for hypnosis in Dallas, Houston and San Antonio Texas.
  Dr. Stower is a nationally known speaker and motivator and
  has conducted more than 400 seminars in the United States.

** CANADA **

Orca Institute
1202 - 1255 Bidwell St.
Vancouver, B.C, CANADA V6G 2K8
* Telephone: 1-604-683-8710, 1-800-665-ORCA (6722)
* Fax: 1-604-683-8620
* Home page -
* E-mail -
The Orca Institute was established in 1986 in Vancouver. They offer a
200 hr. onsite and distant learning Counselling Hypnotherapy
Certification course. They also offer advanced training in
counselling. Visit the web site for more detailed information on the
school and teachers.


Milton H. Erickson Institute of Prague
RIAPS, Chelcuckého 39
130 00 Praha 3 - Zizov
CZECH REPUBLIC                                                         
Michael Vancura, Ph.C.
+42/2/32 14 08


Centre Training School of Hypnotherapy and Psychotherapy
145 Chapel Lane
Lancs, PR4 5NA
* Tel: +44 (0)1772 617663
* Principal: Sue Washington, MSc., BA., Cert.Ed., DHP., DipCAH., 

Corporation of Advanced Hypnotherapy
(Atkinson-Ball College of Hypnotherapy & Hypnohealing)
P.O.Box 70
* Telephone: 01704 576285
* President: Cherith Powell.

Hypnotherapy and Psychovisual Therapy Workshops
c/o Michael Carr-Jones
7 Church Mews
Lower Parkstone
BH 148 UF
* Tel: 1202-739-369
* Fax: 1202-715-008
* E-mail:

International Association of Hypno-Analysts (IAH)
P.O. Box 180
* Home page -
* E-mail -
* Telephone: (01202) 316496 or (01202) 311191
* Fax: (01202) 318099
* A training program In Analytical Hypnotherapy by Neil French,
the author of the book "Successful Hypnotherapy"

International Hypnotherapy Training Centre (IHTC)
* E-mail: 101446.2171@Compuserve.Com
The International Hypnotherapy Training Centre (IHTC) is based within
the United Kingdom. The IHTC provides a comprehensive Home Study
Course that is available to students worldwide. (see Hypnoweb
reference in WWW section)

The La Roche International College
Post Office Box 37
Scarborough, North Yorkshire
* Telephone  +44 1723 378573 (24-hours)
* Home page
The London College of Clinical Hypnosis
229a Sussex Gardens
Lancaster Gate
London W2 2RL
* Tel:+44 0171 402 9037
* Fax:+44 0171 262 1237
A prospectus is available. The LCCH is currently not
on-line, but requests for information can be made by 
contacting Des Edmans at:

London Society for Ericksonian Psychotherapy and Hypnosis
135 Whidbome House, Whidbome Street
London WC1 8HE    ENGLAND 
Hugh Willbourn, M.A.
+44/171-837-7807 (tel/fax) 

The National College of Hypnosis and Psychotherapy 
12 Cross Street, Nelson
Lancashire, BB9 7EN.
* Tel: (44) 01282 699378 
* Fax: (44) 01282 698633 
* E-mail: 
* www page:
*  Trains suitable people to become competent hypno/psychotherapists.
   The courses are taught part-time at venues in London, Cheshire and
   Glasgow, and are externally accredited by the British Accreditation
   Council for Independent Further and Higher Education.

734 London Rd.
Stoke on Trent
* Tel: 01782-745944
* NGH Approved Hypnosis training in the UK in Stoke-on-Trent 
  (the midlands, near Birmingham)

The Washington School of Clincial and Advanced Hypnosis
Richmael House, 25 Edge Lane
Manchester M21 9JH
* Tel: +44 (0)161 882 0400
* Fax: +44 (0)161 882 0376
* E-mail:
* Director of Studies: Shaun Brookhouse, PhD., DCH(c), MSc., DHP., DipCAH.,

Irish Institute of Counselling & Hypnotherapy
118 Stillorgan Rd
Dublin 4, Ireland
* Telephone  +353 1 2600118
* Fax        +353 1 2600115
* E-mail
    or CompuServe: 100553,3150
* Home page

Irish / International School of Ethical & Analytical Hypnotherapy
Therapy House,
No.6 Tuckey Street
Cork City
* Telephone: +353 (021) 273575
* E-mail:
* Home page:
* Free prospectus and demo cassette available.
* Under the instruction of Joseph Keaney Ph.D. D.Psych. Dip. C.Hyp. D.C.H.,
  B.A., the I.S.E.A.H. offers courses in hypnotherapy training allowing
  you to become a fully Qualified, Registered, Certified, Hypnotherapist
  with the Irish Association of Hypno-Analysts and I.H.E.B.

WWW hypnosis sites
Advanced Neuro Dynamics on-line
   Focusing on Tad James' Advanced Neuro Dynamics offerings. See also
   Tad's listed in this section.

Betty Erickson's Self Hypnosis Technique
   This page contains a description and directions for the self-hypnosis
   technique developed by Betty Erickson (Mrs. Milton Erickson). The web
   page author states that he has "seen it presented with a number of
   variations. It appears here in the form that I have used it and
   taught it to hundreds of students and clients who have found it both
   easy to master and highly effective."

Hypnosis and Psychovisual Therapy Resources
   Dr. Bryan Knight offers his helpful and easy to understand adaptation of
   the self-hypnosis section from his book "Health and Happiness with
   Hypnosis." The text is available by taking the "How to Use Self-Hypnosis"
   link from his home page. Dr. Knight also provides a Bibliography of
   Hypnosis and Psychotherapy.

Hypnosis, Brief Therapy, and Altered States of Consciousness (D. Barton)
   Dave Barton's personal page on hypnosis and other related areas
   of study. A special treat at this site is Dave's own
   contemporaneously recorded notes on The Fourth Eastern Conference
   on Ericksonian Hypnosis and Psychotherapy, held on July 6th
   through 9th, 1995.

The Hypnosis in Media page'brien/hypnosis.htp
   Terry O'Brien's web page with links to segments of his listing on
   "hypnosis in the media," which he describes as follows: "This
   listing attempts to collect as many instances of hypnosis or
   hypnosis-like activity (mind control, brainwashing, telepathic
   hypnosis, stage magic, magick, etc.) in the media and fiction,
   with the intent being to catalog and recognize both the good and
   bad representations of the subject."
Hypnosis - the facts (David Aitchison)
    Mr. Aitchison provides his opinions and information for the
    newcomer on the following topics: Some practical uses of hypnosis
    The general history of hypnosis, What is the Trance state and how
    you can recogize it, Some simple Hypnotic methods, and Self
    hypnosis.... the future?
   A resource site for:
      1. Services and materials offered by Tad James M.S., Ph.D. including:
         NLP, Time Line Therapy, Ericksonian hypnosis, and Huna (ancient
         Hawaiian teachings).
      2. The American Institute of Hypnotherapy (AIH), a degree-granting
         institution approved by the State of California, also providing
         hypnotherapist certification training.
      3. The American Pacific University, an advanced Psychology
         degree-granting institution located in Honolulu, Hawaii.
      4. Books available from AIH
      5. ftp archives for alt.hypnosis and other hypnosis related files.
      6. Hypnosis and NLP scripts.
      7. Links to other hypnosis related sites.

The Hypnotica Home Page
   Chuck Henderson's Hypnotica, the how-to home page that shows you how
   to use self-hypnosis to control weight, smoking, concentration,
   memory, career, pain, sleep, confidence - anything that depends on
   your own efforts. This web site contains a free text seminar on
   self-hypnosis as well as a useful FAQ list on self-hypnosis. Books
   and audio cassettes are also available from Mr. Henderson. The
   approach in this material seems to be aimed at the average consumer
   and avoids academic hypnosis theory.
E-mail: 101446.2171@Compuserve.Com
   A web site dedicated solely to Hypnosis. Hypnoweb is operated by
   the International Hypnotherapy Training Centre (IHTC) based within
   the United Kingdom. Their aim is to promote the use of hypnosis
   and hypnotherapy as an alternative cure of illness, phobias and
   other habits. The IHTC provides a comprehensive Home Study
   Course that is available to students worldwide.
InstaTek's NLP & Hypnosis home page
  Jackie Patti's NLP & Hypnosis web site contains interesting writings
  and insights on hypnosis & NLP, focusing on the contributions
  of Carmine Baffa, PhD. This site contains introductions to NLP and
  hypnosis, a glossary, book and tape recommendations, discussion group
  access, and an archive of some of the writings of Carmine Baffa,
  Jackie Patti, Quentin Grady and others.
Mid-state Hypnosis
   Mid-state offers hypnosis training materials based on the
   writings and techniques of Don Mottin. They also offer
   many hypnosis books at wholesale prices.

National Guild of Hypnotists
     Maintained by Holly C. Sumner, this site offers information relating
   to the National Guild of Hypnotists.
     Items of interest at this site include information about the NGH,
   links to NGH members online, a list of books written by NGH members,
   and links to other hypnosis related web sites.
     The National Guild of Hypnotists is a non-profit educational
   *** SPECIAL NOTE *** 
   Holly Sumner has requested that if you contact her or the NGH by
   e-mail that you include your return e-mail address in the *body*
   of your message due to problems she has encountered with e-mail from
   cybernauts surfing the web.

New Techniques In Hypnosis, By David Brager
   Quoting from Mr. Brager's introduction: "Here, in this document, you
   will find sections on nearly every aspect of hypnosis and uses with
   guest participants. All work, on all levels, has been as a
   volunteer, and have come about from me seeing an opportunity to get
   involved, offering my services, doing a SINGLE session, and then
   seeing the outcome. Remember, all sessions I am documenting in this
   reference are from ONE-TIME-ONLY HYPNOSIS SESSIONS.
      I believe that there are millions of people that have a couple
   small things bothering them that a one-time hypnosis session can
   help. So, my procedures have been developed upon this purpose.
The Omni Hypnosis Training Center
   The web site provides a summary review of the video tapes and
   training courses available from Gerald Kein and his Omni
   Hypnosis Center in Florida. See listing in Training Courses section
   for further details.

Pushing Your Own Buttons
   This web page is provided and maintained as a public service by GREEN
   TREES CONSULTING., and Thomas Cox, MS; MSW. This site is notably the
   source of the free (but copyrighted) on-line book "PUSHING YOUR OWN
   BUTTONS: A Pilgrim's Guide to Hypnosis and Self-Hypnosis".
The Ernest Lawrence Rossi, Ph.D. Home Page
    The home page for Dr. Ernest Rossi, author and editor of many
    well known books on Milton H. Erickson. Some items of interest at
    this site are the text of interviews with Dr. Rossi on:
      * Ericksonian Hypnosis, Stress & Healing
      * A New Theory of Hypnotherapy
      * The Symptom Path to Enlightenment
      * The 20 Minute Ultradian Healing Response
THOHA-SEMINARE (English) (German)
E-mail: : 
    Thorsten Hassiepen, in Wegberg, Germany, gives his own personal
    insights on hypnosis and NLP at his web site. Of particular
    interest is an article describing his thoughts and experiences
    from attending "The Structure of Hypnosis" seminar given by Paul
    McKenna and Michael Breens.
Success Dynamics (Kevin Hogan)
   Kevin Hogan has a "Success Dynamics" web site at which can be
   found his Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis (tm) Video Course. This
   advanced hypnotherapy training offers comprehensive instruction
   on how to use Kevin Hogan's Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis system for
   effective, long-term change. The URL link is:
   You can also find articles on Hypnosis and Healing by Dr. Hogan at

Computer aided self-hypnosis programs

Grock program for PC Windows and Windows 95
  author: Phil Jaquiery,

The HELPER program for PC
  (Generic Artists Publications)

The Helpmate Self-Hypnosis Kit for Windows
  From: Educator Discs and Videos, New Zealand
Online order form available for Netscape 2.01 or later
Phone: 09 810 9519 (International: +64 9 810 9519) 
Fax: 09 810 8157 (International: +64 9 810 8157) 

Hypnomap program for PC
  author: Steve Murray,

SynBrain The mindmachine program for AMIGA
  author: Gerhard Salomon, (english version)  (german version)

FAQ 5 and 6 Resource Guide written and maintained by Paul Bunnell
FAQ 1-4 & FAQ 5 Glossary written and maintained by Roy Hunter
This FAQ version last revised on 5/1/97

Submitted by C. Roy Hunter, M.S.,C.Ht.
Certified Hypnotherapy Instructor

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