TUCoPS :: General Information :: ddn05.txt

Defense Data Network Security Bulletin #5

DDN Security Bulletin 05         DCA DDN Defense Communications System
23 Oct 89               Published by: DDN Security Coordination Center
                                     (SCC@NIC.DDN.MIL)  (800) 235-3155

                        DEFENSE  DATA  NETWORK
                          SECURITY  BULLETIN

The DDN  SECURITY BULLETIN  is distributed  by the  DDN SCC  (Security
Coordination Center) under  DCA contract as  a means of  communicating
information on network and host security exposures, fixes, &  concerns
to security & management personnel at DDN facilities.  Back issues may
be  obtained  via  FTP  (or  Kermit)  from  NIC.DDN.MIL  [ or] using login="anonymous" and password="guest".  The bulletin
pathname is SCC:DDN-SECURITY-nn (where "nn" is the bulletin number).


                      ULTRIX 3.0 BREAK-IN ATTEMPTS

+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
!  Although there are only thirteen MILNET sites running any version of   !
!  Ultrix, the SCC is forwarding this CERT Advisory as an aid to those    !
!  Internet sites which may be affected.  Note that these problems        !
!  have affected only sites running Ultrix 3.0.                           !
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +

			     CERT Advisory
			DEC/Ultrix 3.0 Systems

Recently, the CERT/CC has been working with several Unix sites that
have experienced break-ins.  The bulk of the problems have stemmed from
hosts running tftpd, accounts with guessable passwords or no
passwords, and known security holes not being patched.

The intruder, once in, gains root access and replaces key programs
with ones that create log files which contain accounts and passwords in
clear text.  The intruder then returns and collects the file.  By using
accounts which are trusted on other systems, the intruder then installs
replacement programs which start logging.

There have been many postings about the problem from several other net
users.  In addition to looking for setuid root programs in users' home
directories, hidden directories '..  ' (dot dot space space), and a modified
telnet program, we have received two reports from Ultrix 3.0 sites that
the intruders are replacing the /usr/bin/login program.  The Ultrix security
hole being used in these attacks is only found in Ultrix 3.0.

Suggested steps:
	1) Check for a bogus /usr/bin/login.  The sum program reports:
		27379    67	for VAX/Ultrix 3.0

	2) Check for a bogus /usr/etc/telnetd.  The sum program reports:
		23552    47	for VAX/Ultrix 3.0

	3) Look for .savacct in either /usr/etc or in users' directories.
	   This may be the file that the new login program creates.  It
	   could have a different name on your system.

	4) Upgrade to Ultrix 3.1 ASAP.

	5) Monitor accounts for users having passwords that can be found in
	   the /usr/dict/words file or have simple passwords like a persons
	   name or their account name.

	6) Search through the file system for programs that are setuid root.

	7) Disable or modify the tftpd program so that anonymous access to
	   the file system is prevented.

If you find that a system that has been broken into,  changing the password
on the compromised account is not sufficient.  The intruders do remove copies
of the /etc/passwd file in order to break the remaining passwords.  It is best
to change all of the passwords at one time.  This will prevent the intruders
from using another account.

Please alert CERT if you do find a problem:

Computer Emergency Response Team
Email: cert@sei.cmu.edu
Telephone: 412-268-7090 (answers 24 hours a day)
For general questions, contact the SCC:

DDN Security Coordination Center
Email: scc@nic.ddn.mil
Telephone: 800-235-3155 (7 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific time)


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